Automated unsupervised multi-parametric classification of adipose tissue depots in skeletal muscle
Article first published online: 23 OCT 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume 37, Issue 4, pages 917–927, April 2013
How to Cite
Valentinitsch, A., C. Karampinos, D., Alizai, H., Subburaj, K., Kumar, D., M. Link, T. and Majumdar, S. (2013), Automated unsupervised multi-parametric classification of adipose tissue depots in skeletal muscle. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 37: 917–927. doi: 10.1002/jmri.23884
- Issue published online: 21 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 23 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 30 APR 2012
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Numbers: R01-AG17762, RC1-AR058405
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
- water-fat imaging;
- subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT);
- intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT);
- fat quantification;
- multi-parametric clustering
To introduce and validate an automated unsupervised multi-parametric method for segmentation of the subcutaneous fat and muscle regions to determine subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) areas based on data from a quantitative chemical shift-based water-fat separation approach.
Materials and Methods:
Unsupervised standard k-means clustering was used to define sets of similar features (k = 2) within the whole multi-modal image after the water-fat separation. The automated image processing chain was composed of three primary stages: tissue, muscle, and bone region segmentation. The algorithm was applied on calf and thigh datasets to compute SAT and IMAT areas and was compared with a manual segmentation.
The IMAT area using the automatic segmentation had excellent agreement with the IMAT area using the manual segmentation for all the cases in the thigh (R2: 0.96) and for cases with up to moderate IMAT area in the calf (R2: 0.92). The group with the highest grade of muscle fat infiltration in the calf had the highest error in the inner SAT contour calculation.
The proposed multi-parametric segmentation approach combined with quantitative water-fat imaging provides an accurate and reliable method for an automated calculation of the SAT and IMAT areas reducing considerably the total postprocessing time. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;37:917–927. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.