Changes in apparent diffusion coefficient and T2 relaxation during radiotherapy for prostate cancer

Authors


Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate regional and temporal changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and T2 relaxation during radiation therapy (RT) in patients with low and intermediate risk localized prostate cancer.

Materials and Methods:

Seventeen patients enrolled on a prospective clinical trial where MRI was acquired every 2 weeks throughout eight weeks of image-guided prostate IMRT (78 Gy/39 fractions). ADC and T2 quantification used entire prostate, central gland, benign peripheral zone, and tumor-dense regions-of-interest, and mean values were evaluated for common response trends.

Results:

Overall, the RT responses were greater than volunteer measurement repeatability, and week 6 appeared to be an optimum time-point for early detection. RT effects on the entire prostate were best detected using ADC (5–7% by week 2, P < 0.0125), effects on peripheral zone were best detected using T2 (19% reduction at week 6; P = 0.004) and effects on tumors were best detected using ADC (14% elevation at week 6; P = 0.004).

Conclusion:

ADC and T2 may be candidate biomarkers of early response to RT warranting further investigation against clinical outcomes. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;37:909–916. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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