The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest in the present report.
Low prevalence of hepatitis E infection among pregnant women in Madrid, Spain†
Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Medical Virology
Volume 82, Issue 10, pages 1666–1668, October 2010
How to Cite
Lindemann, M. L. M., Gabilondo, G., Romero, B., de la Maza, O. M. S. and Pérez-Gracia, M. T. (2010), Low prevalence of hepatitis E infection among pregnant women in Madrid, Spain. J. Med. Virol., 82: 1666–1668. doi: 10.1002/jmv.21840
- Issue published online: 1 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 APR 2010
- hepatitis E;
- pregnant women;
- imported diseases;
- viral hepatitis
Hepatitis E virus, a cause of sporadic hepatitis in developed countries is present in Spain. The aims of this study were to determine whether the prevalence of IgG anti-hepatitis E virus antibodies has increased in recent years in Spain and the prevalence in a study population at risk of developing the disease following the infection. Serum samples from 1,040 women in the first trimester of pregnancy were studied. The prevalence rate of 3.6% has not increased significantly since 1999 in spite of the large number of immigrants from endemic regions. IgM anti-HEV antibodies were detected in 0.67% of the patients suggesting that although subclinical infection exists the prevalence is very low. The reasons for the differences in the morbidity of HEV in pregnant women in different geographical areas remain unclear. Good hygienic measures and public health conditions are important factors for ensuring low prevalence of hepatitis E in Spain. J. Med. Virol. 82:1666–1668, 2010. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.