Extending the enlarged cell and uniformly stable conformal techniques to modeling curved conductors in two-dimensional high-order finite-difference time-domain algorithms


Correspondence to: M. F. Hadi, Electrical Engineering, Kuwait University, Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait.

E-mail: Mohammed.Hadi@ku.edu.kw


The critical tool of modeling irregularly shaped perfect conductors is developed for the extended-stencil high-order two-dimensional M24 variant of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Two standard FDTD conformal approaches are analyzed and successfully extended to work accurately with M24. They both afford higher order convergence with respect to mesh density than a previously developed technique, which better matches M24's characteristics. Both approaches rely on borrowing weighted electromotive forces from nearby extended-stencil cells to ensure accuracy and numerical stability while the overall algorithm is efficiently operated at the maximum allowable time steps by FDTD and M24 theories. Validation examples demonstrate that M24's amplitude and phase accuracies using coarse numerical meshes were not compromised. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.