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Keywords:

  • endocytosis;
  • PIP2;
  • synaptic vesicle;
  • lipid raft;
  • clathrin-coated vesicle

Abstract

Endocytosis of the synaptic vesicle is a complicated process, in which many proteins and lipids participate. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) plays important roles in the process, and the dynamic regulation of this lipid is one of the key events. Synaptojanin is a PIP2 phosphatase, and dephosphorylation of PIP2 of the clathrin coated-vesicle results in the uncoating of the vesicle. NAP-22 is one of the major proteins of the neuronal detergent-resistant membrane microdomain and localizes in both the presynaptic plasma membrane and the synaptic vesicle. To elucidate the role of NAP-22 in synaptic function, a screening of the NAP-22 binding proteins through pull-down assay was performed. In addition to CapZ protein, synaptojanin-1 was detected by LC-MS/MS, and Western blotting using antisynaptojanin-1 confirmed this result. The interaction seems to be important in the course of synaptic vesicle endocytosis, because NAP-22 inhibited the phosphatase activity of synaptojanin in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory region for 5-phosphatase and the binding region for PIP2 overlapped in the amino acid sequence of NAP-22, so elucidation of the regulatory mechanism of the PIP2 binding ability of NAP-22 could be important in understanding the membrane dynamics at the presynaptic region. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.