• immunohistochemistry;
  • kinase inhibitors;
  • nerve regeneration;
  • protein kinase


The effects of protein kinase inhibitors on regeneration in vitro of adult frog sciatic sensory axons were tested. Regeneration of crush-injured nerves for 8 days in serum-free medium was inhibited by staurosporine (100 nM) and H-7 (100 μM), which are both known to inhibit protein kinase C. With the use of a compartmented culture system it could be shown that H-7 exerted both local (outgrowth region) and central (ganglia) effects, the latter being more pronounced. The local effects could be due to reduction of Schwann cell proliferation by H-7. Immunohisto-chemistry demonstrated the presence of protein kinase C in neuronal cell bodies but not in axonal processes. Proliferation of Schwann cells was accompanied by increased protein kinase C immunoreactivity at the site of injury. H-7 caused a selective inhibition in the incorporation of radioactive phosphate into one 74 kDa protein of both ganglia and nerve but also a more general decrease in protein labelling. The results show that protein phosphorylations, possibly mediated by protein kinase C, are involved in regeneration-related mechanisms operating at both local and central levels in the adult frog sciatic sensory axons.