Notochord and floor plate stimulate oligodendrocyte differentiation in cultures of the chick dorsal neural tube
Article first published online: 11 OCT 2004
Copyright © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Neuroscience Research
Volume 41, Issue 4, pages 552–560, 1 July 1995
How to Cite
Trousse, F., Giess, M. C., Soula, C., Ghandour, S., Duprat, A.-M. and Cochard, P. (1995), Notochord and floor plate stimulate oligodendrocyte differentiation in cultures of the chick dorsal neural tube. J. Neurosci. Res., 41: 552–560. doi: 10.1002/jnr.490410415
- Issue published online: 11 OCT 2004
- Article first published online: 11 OCT 2004
- Manuscript Revised: 10 APR 1995
- Manuscript Received: 22 FEB 1995
- spinal cord;
- glial induction;
- cell patterning
The regionalization of oligodendrocyte potentialities and the cellular interactions leading to the expression of the oligodendrocyte phenotype have been analyzed in the embryonic chick spinal cord. Dorsal and ventral regions of the spinal cord of 4-day-old embryos (E4) were cultivated separately. Oligodendrocyte differentiation was monitored at various times after explantation, using specific oligodendrocyte markers. After 2 weeks, several hundreds of differentiated oligodendrocytes were invariably observed in ventral cultures whereas significant numbers of oligodendrocytes failed to develop in dorsal spinal cord cultures. However, the E7 dorsal spinal cord was found to produce large numbers of oligodendrocytes, indicating that the ventral restriction of oligodendrocyte potentialities is transient. To test whether ventrally derived signals might influence oligodendrocyte differentiation, E4 dorsal spinal cord microexplants were cocultivated with notochord segments or with floor plate tissue. Numerous oligodendrocytes were found in dorsal explants associated with either tissue, notochord or floor plate, but not in dorsal explants cultivated alone, indicating that cells competent to be induced along the oligodendrocyte phenotype exist in the dorsal spinal cord. These results show that oligodendrocyte differentiation potentialities are initially restricted to the ventral spinal cord and suggest that ventrally derived signals from notochord and floor plate influence oligodendrocyte differentiation in the embryonic spinal cord. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.