We thank Amy Colbert and George Banks for their useful comments on an earlier version of this paper. A version of this paper was presented at the 2010 Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP) Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 8–10 April.
The two faces of high self-monitors: Chameleonic moderating effects of self-monitoring on the relationships between personality traits and counterproductive work behaviors
Article first published online: 22 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 92–111, January 2014
How to Cite
Oh, I.-S., Charlier, S. D., Mount, M. K. and Berry, C. M. (2014), The two faces of high self-monitors: Chameleonic moderating effects of self-monitoring on the relationships between personality traits and counterproductive work behaviors. J. Organiz. Behav., 35: 92–111. doi: 10.1002/job.1856
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 22 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 17 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 24 AUG 2011
- counterproductive work behavior;
- trait activation theory
This study examines whether and how self-monitoring moderates the relationships between two personality traits (agreeableness and conscientiousness) and counterproductive work behavior directed toward the organization (CWB-O) and toward other employees (CWB-I). High self-monitors strive to attain personal goals related to status and prestige enhancement by adjusting their behavior to what the situation requires or allows for. We propose that the status enhancement motive can take on two different yet related forms—impression management (interpersonal potency) and opportunism (win-at-all-costs)—depending on relevant situational cues. We hypothesize that in public, interpersonal settings where their behavior is visible to others, high self-monitors' desire to enhance their status by looking good to others suppresses the natural expression of low agreeableness via increased engagement in CWB-I. Conversely, we hypothesize that in private, non-interpersonal settings where their behavior is rarely visible to others, high self-monitors' desire to enhance their status by doing whatever it takes to get what they want intensifies the natural expression of low conscientiousness via increased engagement in CWB-O. On the basis of two independent samples of participants, results of moderated multiple regression analyses provided support for the hypotheses. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.