Episodic envy and counterproductive work behaviors: Is more justice always good?
Article first published online: 29 APR 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 128–144, January 2014
How to Cite
Khan, A. K., Quratulain, S. and M. Bell, C. (2014), Episodic envy and counterproductive work behaviors: Is more justice always good?. J. Organiz. Behav., 35: 128–144. doi: 10.1002/job.1864
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 19 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 FEB 2012
- distributive justice;
- procedural justice;
- counterproductive work behaviors;
- attribution model of justice
The authors examined how perceived event-specific procedural and distributive justice about own and envied others' outcomes interacts with episodic envy to predict counterproductive work behaviors. Our results were consistent with the attribution model of justice, finding that episodic envy significantly predicted counterproductive work behaviors aimed at envied others in the workplace and that this relationship was more pronounced when perceptions of procedural, but not distributive, justice about own or envied others' outcomes were high rather than low. We tested a moderated-mediation model in which self-attributions for the outcome mediated the effect of episodic envy on counterproductive work behaviors and that the effect of envy was stronger when perceptions of own or others' procedural justice were high rather than low. This research contributes to the literature on envy processes in the workplace and is the first to use a specific emotion, envy, as a proxy for a negative outcome in a demonstration of the attribution model of justice. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.