Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 35, Issue 3, pages 339–357, April 2014
How to Cite
Nohe, C., Michel, A. and Sonntag, K. (2014), Family–work conflict and job performance: A diary study of boundary conditions and mechanisms. J. Organiz. Behav., 35: 339–357. doi: 10.1002/job.1878
- Issue published online: 25 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 16 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 5 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 31 OCT 2012
- family–work conflict;
- job performance;
- psychological detachment from work;
- diary study
In this study, we used a within-person daily research paradigm to examine the relationship between daily family–work conflict (FWC) and daily job performance. On the basis of theory on dynamic behavior, we hypothesized that concentration serves as a mechanism through which daily FWC impairs daily job performance. We further predicted that psychological detachment from work during time-off (i.e., mentally switching off) buffers the negative relationship between daily FWC and daily job performance. Ninety-five employees completed daily surveys over one workweek. Multilevel modeling results showed that daily FWC was negatively associated with daily job performance and that concentration mediated this relationship. Furthermore, general psychological detachment, but not daily psychological detachment, buffered the negative relationship between daily FWC and daily job performance. The current findings suggest that daily FWC has negative performance implications and that the general level rather than the daily level of psychological detachment from work helps alleviate the negative implications. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.