The IRIOP Annual Review Issue
Article first published online: 11 APR 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 36, Issue S1, pages S72–S103, February 2015
How to Cite
2015) Recovery from job stress: The stressor-detachment model as an integrative framework, J. Organiz. Behav., 36, S72–S103, doi: 10.1002/job.1924., and (
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2015
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 3 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 4 JAN 2013
- work engagement
This paper reviews empirical evidence on psychological detachment from work during nonwork time. Psychological detachment as a core recovery experience refers to refraining from job-related activities and thoughts during nonwork time; it implies to mentally disengage from one's job while being away from work. Using the stressor-detachment model as an organizing framework, we describe findings from between-person and within-person studies, relying on cross-sectional, longitudinal, and daily-diary designs. Overall, research shows that job stressors, particularly workload, predict low levels of psychological detachment. A lack of detachment in turn predicts high strain levels and poor individual well-being (e.g., burnout and lower life satisfaction). Psychological detachment seems to be both a mediator and a moderator in the relationship between job stressors on the one hand and strain and poor well-being on the other hand. We propose possible extensions of the stressor-detachment model by suggesting moderator variables grounded in the transactional stress model. We further discuss avenues for future research and offer practical implications. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.