An earlier version of this article won the 2012 Best Paper in OB/HRM/OT at the International Management Division of the Academy of Management.
Pre-training perceived social self-efficacy accentuates the effects of a cross-cultural coping orientation program: Evidence from a longitudinal field experiment†
Article first published online: 29 APR 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 35, Issue 6, pages 831–850, August 2014
How to Cite
2014), Pre-training perceived social self-efficacy accentuates the effects of a cross-cultural coping orientation program: Evidence from a longitudinal field experiment, J. Organiz. Behav., 35, 831–850. doi: 10.1002/job.1932, and (
Jinyan Fan and Lei Lai contributed equally to this manuscript.
- Issue published online: 27 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 5 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 22 FEB 2013
- attribute–treatment interaction;
- cross-cultural training;
- orientation program;
- perceived social self-efficacy;
- longitudinal field experiment
Analyzing additional data from a longitudinal field experiment, the present research investigate whether pre-training perceived social self-efficacy (PSSE) may moderate cross-cultural training effectiveness. On the basis of the interactionist perspective, we hypothesized that sojourners with high pre-training PSSE would benefit more from a cross-cultural coping orientation program, called “Realistic Orientation Program for Entry Stress” (ROPES), than sojourners with low pre-training PSSE. As a result, the treatment effects (the ROPES program over the control program—a traditional cross-cultural orientation program) would be more positive for high-PSSE sojourners than for low-PSSE sojourners. Seventy-two incoming graduate students from East Asia entering a large US public university were randomly assigned to either a ROPES program or a control program, and were assessed pre-entry and multiple times post-entry. The results strongly supported our predictions, as the hypothesized PSSE × Treatment interactions were observed on a comprehensive set of training outcomes based on multisource data. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.