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Pre-training perceived social self-efficacy accentuates the effects of a cross-cultural coping orientation program: Evidence from a longitudinal field experiment

Authors

  • Jinyan Fan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, U.S.A.
    • Correspondence to: Jinyan Fan, Department of Psychology, Auburn University, 225 Thach Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A. E-mail: Jinyan.Fan@auburn.edu; Lei Lai, A. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70228, U.S.A. Email: llai@tulane.edu

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  • Lei Lai

    Corresponding author
    1. A. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A.
    • Correspondence to: Jinyan Fan, Department of Psychology, Auburn University, 225 Thach Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849, U.S.A. E-mail: Jinyan.Fan@auburn.edu; Lei Lai, A. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70228, U.S.A. Email: llai@tulane.edu

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  • An earlier version of this article won the 2012 Best Paper in OB/HRM/OT at the International Management Division of the Academy of Management.
  • Jinyan Fan and Lei Lai contributed equally to this manuscript.

Summary

Analyzing additional data from a longitudinal field experiment, the present research investigate whether pre-training perceived social self-efficacy (PSSE) may moderate cross-cultural training effectiveness. On the basis of the interactionist perspective, we hypothesized that sojourners with high pre-training PSSE would benefit more from a cross-cultural coping orientation program, called “Realistic Orientation Program for Entry Stress” (ROPES), than sojourners with low pre-training PSSE. As a result, the treatment effects (the ROPES program over the control program—a traditional cross-cultural orientation program) would be more positive for high-PSSE sojourners than for low-PSSE sojourners. Seventy-two incoming graduate students from East Asia entering a large US public university were randomly assigned to either a ROPES program or a control program, and were assessed pre-entry and multiple times post-entry. The results strongly supported our predictions, as the hypothesized PSSE × Treatment interactions were observed on a comprehensive set of training outcomes based on multisource data. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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