The relationship between individual creativity and team creativity: aggregating across people and time
Article first published online: 2 FEB 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Special Issue: The bright and dark sides of individual and group innovation. Guest Editors: Onne Janssen, Evert van de Vliert and Michael West
Volume 25, Issue 2, pages 235–257, March 2004
How to Cite
Pirola-Merlo, A. and Mann, L. (2004), The relationship between individual creativity and team creativity: aggregating across people and time. J. Organiz. Behav., 25: 235–257. doi: 10.1002/job.240
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2004
- Article first published online: 2 FEB 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 2003
This paper investigates how the creativity of individual team members is related to team creativity, and the influence of climate for creativity in the workplace on individual and team creativity. A multilevel theoretical model is proposed, and the authors report a study which tests the model using a sample of 54 research and development teams. The results showed that team creativity scores could be explained statistically by aggregation processes across both people and time. Team creativity at a particular point in time could be explained as either the average or a weighted average of team member creativity; the creativity of project outcomes was explained by either the maximum of or average of team creativity across time-points. According to the model, failure to account for aggregation across time as well as across individuals can result in misleading empirical results, and can result in the erroneous conclusion that team climate influences team creativity directly rather than indirectly via individuals. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.