Self-determination theory and work motivation
Article first published online: 14 APR 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 331–362, June 2005
How to Cite
Gagné, M. and Deci, E. L. (2005), Self-determination theory and work motivation. J. Organiz. Behav., 26: 331–362. doi: 10.1002/job.322
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2005
- Article first published online: 14 APR 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 JAN 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 2 JUN 2004
- Manuscript Received: 23 OCT 2003
Cognitive evaluation theory, which explains the effects of extrinsic motivators on intrinsic motivation, received some initial attention in the organizational literature. However, the simple dichotomy between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation made the theory difficult to apply to work settings. Differentiating extrinsic motivation into types that differ in their degree of autonomy led to self-determination theory, which has received widespread attention in the education, health care, and sport domains. This article describes self-determination theory as a theory of work motivation and shows its relevance to theories of organizational behavior. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.