Theresa M. Jenkins-Henkelman and Laura L. Moyle have contributed equally to this project. The authors wish to thank Robert Hessling and Margaret Nauta for their comments on an earlier draft of this manuscript.
Emotional social support and job burnout among high-school teachers: is it all due to dispositional affectivity?†
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 27, Issue 6, pages 793–807, September 2006
How to Cite
Kahn, J. H., Schneider, K. T., Jenkins-Henkelman, T. M. and Moyle, L. L. (2006), Emotional social support and job burnout among high-school teachers: is it all due to dispositional affectivity?. J. Organiz. Behav., 27: 793–807. doi: 10.1002/job.397
- Issue published online: 19 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 16 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Received: 15 AUG 2005
The authors investigated whether the relationship between the contents of emotional social support and job burnout among high-school teachers is spurious because of the role of dispositional positive and negative affectivity. A national sample of 339 teachers was surveyed via a web-based procedure. Hierarchical regression analyses did not support spuriousness; emotional social support was uniquely predictive of three dimensions of burnout controlling for affectivity. As positive emotional social support increased, emotional exhaustion and cynicism decreased, and professional efficacy increased. As negative emotional social support increased, emotional exhaustion and cynicism also increased. Commonality analyses based on the present data and data reported by K. L. Zellars and P. L. Perrewé (2001; Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 459–467) provided additional support for the unique role of emotional social support on burnout, but these analyses suggest a greater role of affectivity than emotional social support. These findings have implications for research on burnout as well as the prevention of burnout among teachers. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.