Organizational socialization: A stress perspective



This paper examines socialization and adjustment processes of newcomers to organizations. While scholars in this area agree that the socialization process is a stressful event, few have empirically approached the process from this perspective. In addressing this problem, a theoretical synthesis of the literatures of organizational socialization and organizational stress is proposed. From this integration, a model is developed which facilitates an examination of the task, role, and interpersonal demands which individuals face in the stages of socialization and an analysis of the interrelationships of these demands and their effects upon individual and organizational outcomes of the socialization process. Finally, directions for future research are proposed for extending understanding of this crucial part of organizational entry.