SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alwin, D. F., & Hauser, R. M. (1975). The decomposition of effects in path analysis, American Sociological Review, 40, 3747.
  • Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 411423.
  • Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Bandura, A., & Locke, E. A. (2003). Negative Self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 8799.
  • Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychlology, 51, 11731182.
  • Beauducel, A., & Wittmann, W. (2005). Simulation study on fit indices in confirmatory factor analysis based on data with slightly distorted simple structure. Structural Equation Modeling, 12, 4175.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238246.
  • Bliese, P. D., & Ployhart, R. E. (2002). Growth modeling using random coefficient models: Model building, testing, and illustrations. Organizational Research Methods, 5, 362387.
  • Bollen, K. A. (1987). Total direct and indirect effects in structural equation models. In C. C.Clogg (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 3769). Washington DC: American Sociological Association.
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. Oxford, England: Wiley.
  • Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1989). Single sample cross-validation indices for covariance structures. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 24, 445455.
  • Button, S. B., Mathieu, J. E., & Zajac, D. M. (1996). Goal orientation in organizational research: A conceptual and empirical foundation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 67, 2648.
  • Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1966). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Chicago: Rand McNally.
  • Chen, G., Gully, S., Whiteman, J.-A., & Kilcullen, R. (2000). Examination of relationships among trait-like individual differences, state-like individual differences, and learning performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 835847.
  • Claessens, B. J. C., Eerde, W. V., Rutte, C. G., & Roe, R. A. (2004). Planning behavior and perceived control of time at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 937950.
  • Collins, L. M., Graham, J. W., & Flaherty, B. P. (1998). An alternative framework for defining mediation. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 33, 295312.
  • Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (1979). Quasi-experimentation: Design and analysis issues for field settings. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Cortina, J. M., Chen, G., & Dunlap, W. P. (2001). Testing interaction effects in LISREL: Examination and illustration of available procedures. Organizational Research Methods, 4, 324360.
  • Diefendorff, J. M. (2004). Examination of the roles of action-state orientation and goal orientation in the goal-setting and performance process. Human Performance, 17, 375395.
  • Fan, X., & Sivo, S. A. (2005). Sensitivity of fit indices to misspecified structural or measurement model components: Rationale of two-index strategy revisited. Structural Equation Modeling, 12, 343367.
  • Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  • Frazier, P. A., Tix, A. P., & Barron, K. E. (2004). Testing moderator and mediator effects in counseling psychology research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51, 115134.
  • Hackman, J. R., & Oldman, G. R. (1980). Work redesign. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  • Hagtvet, K. A., & Nasser, F. M. (2004). How well do item parcels represent conceptually defined latent constructs? A two-facet approach. Structural Equation Modeling, 11, 168193.
  • Hall, R. J., Snell, A. F., & Foust, M. S. (1999). Item parceling strategies in SEM: Investigating the subtle effects of unmodeled secondary constructs. Organizational Research Methods, 2, 233256.
  • Holmbeck, G. N. (1997). Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 599610.
  • Hom, P. W., & Kinicki, A. J. (2001). Toward a greater understanding of how dissatisfaction drives employee turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 975987.
  • Hoyle, R. H., & Kenny, D. A. (1999). Statistical power and tests of mediation. In R. H.Hoyle (Ed.), Statistical strategies for small sample research. Newbury Park: Sage.
  • Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 155.
  • James, L. R. (1980). The unmeasured variable problem in path analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 415421.
  • James, L. R., & Brett, J. M. (1984). Mediators, moderators, and tests for mediation. Journal of Applied Psychlology, 69, 307321.
  • James, L. R., Mulaik, S. A., & Brett, J. M. (1982). Causal analysis: Assumptions, models and data. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • James, L. R., Mulaik, S. A., & Brett, J. M. (2006). A tale of two methods. Organizational Research Methods, 9(2), 233244.
  • Joreskog, K., Sorbom, D., du Toit, S., & du Toit, M. (2000). LISREL 8: New statistical features. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
  • Judd, C. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1981). Process Analysis: Estimating mediation in treatment evaluations. Evaluation review, 5, 602619.
  • Judd, C. M., Kenny, D. A., & McClelland, G. H. (2001). Estimating and testing mediation and moderation in within-subjects designs. Psychological Methods, 6, 115134.
  • Kenny, D. A. (1979). Correlation and causality. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., & Bolger, N. (1998). Data analysis in social psychology. In S. F. D.Gilbert, & G.Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology ( 4 ed., Vol. 1). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
  • Kenny, D. A., Korchmaros, J. D., & Bolger, N. (2003). Lower-level mediation in multilevel models. Psychological Methods, 8, 115128.
  • Kohler, S. S., & Mathieu, J. E. (1993). Individual characteristics, work perceptions, and affective reactions influences on differentiated absence criteria. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 515530.
  • Landis, R. S., Beal, D. J., & Tesluk, P. E. (2000). A comparison of approaches to forming composites measures in structural equations models. Organizational Research Methods, 3, 186207.
  • Lewin, K. (1943). Defining the ‘field at a given time.’ Psychological Review, 50, 292310.
  • MacCallum, R. C., Wegener, D. T., Uchino, B. N., & Fabrigar, L. R. (1993). The problem of equivalent models in applications of covariance structure analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 185199.
  • MacKinnon, D. P., Krull, J. L., & Lockwood, C. M. (2000). Equivalence of the mediation, confounding, and suppression effect. Prevention Science, 1, 173181.
  • MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., Hoffman, J. M., West, S. G., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test the significance of the mediated effect. Psychological Methods, 7, 83104.
  • Marsh, H. W., Kit-Tai, H., & Wen, Z. (2004). In search of golden rules: Comment on Hypothesis-Testing Approaches to setting cutoff values for fit indexes and dangers in overgeneralizing Hu and Bentler's (1999) findings. Structural Equation Modeling, 11, 320341.
  • Mathieu, J. E. (1991). A cross-level nonrecursive model of the antecedents of organizational commitment and satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 617618.
  • Mathieu, J. E., & Button, S. B. (1992). An examination of the relative impact of normative information and self-efficacy on personal goals and performance over time. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22, 17581775.
  • Mayer, R. C., & Gavin, M. B. (2005). Trust in management and performance: Who minds the shop while the employees watch the boss? Academy of Management Journal, 48, 874888.
  • Mitchell, T. R. (1985). An evaluation of the validity of correlational research conducted in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 2, 192205.
  • Mitchell, T. R., & James, L. R. (2001). Building better theory: Time and the specification of when things happen. Academy of Management Review, 26, 530547.
  • Moskowitz, D. S., Hershberger, S. L. (2002). Modeling intraindividual variability with repeated measures data: Methods and applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
  • Muller, D., Judd, C. M., & Yzerbyt, V. Y. (2005). When moderation is mediated and mediation is moderated. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 852863.
  • Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pearl, J. (2000). Causality: Models, reasoning and inference. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  • Phillips, J. M., & Gully, S. (1997). Role of goal orientation, ability, need for achievement, and locus of control in the self efficacy and goal setting process. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 792802.
  • Potosky, D. (2002). A field study of computer efficacy beliefs as an outcome of training: The role of computer playfulness, computer knowledge, and performance during training. Computers in Human Behavior, 18, 241255.
  • Potosky, D., & Ramakrishna, H. V. (2002). The moderating role of updating climate perceptions in the relationship between goal orientation, self-efficacy, and job performance. Human Performance, 15(3), 275297.
  • Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717731.
  • Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2005). SPSS and SAS macros for estimating and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models, 717731 (Under review).
  • Saks, A. M. (1995). Longitudinal-field investigation of the moderating and mediating effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between training and newcomer adjustment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80, 211225.
  • Scandura, T. A., & Williams, E. A. (2000). Research methodology in management: Current Practices, trends, and implications for future research. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 12481264.
  • Schwab, D. P. (1980). Construct validity in organizational behavior. Research in Organizational Behavior, 2, 343.
  • Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Houghton-Miflin, Boston: Houghton-Miflin.
  • Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422445.
  • Smith, E. R. (1982). Beliefs, attributions, and evaluations: Nonhierarchical models of mediation in social cognitions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 248259.
  • Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. In S.Leinhardt (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 290312). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Spencer, S. J., Zanna, M. P., & Fong, G. T. (2005). Establishing a causal chain: Why Experiments are often more effective than mediational analyses in examining psychological processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 845851.
  • Stajkovic, A. D., & Luthans, F. (1998). Self-efficacy and work related performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 240261.
  • Stezl, I. (1986). Changing the causal hypothesis without changing the fit: Some rules for generating equivalent path models. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 21, 309331.
  • Stone-Romero, E. F., & Rosopa, P. (2004). Inference problems with hierarchical multiple regression-based tests of mediating effects In J.Martocchio (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resources management (Vol. 23, pp. 249290). Greenwich, CT: Elsevier.
  • Sutton, R. I., & Staw, B. M. (1995). What theory is not. Administration Science Quarterly, 40, 371384.
  • Tett, R. P., & Meyer, J. P. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention and turnover: Path analysis based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259293.
  • Weiss, H. M., Suckow, K., & Rakestraw, T. L. (1999). Influence of modeling on self-set goals: Direct and mediated effects. Human Performance 12, 89114.
  • West, S. G., Biesanz, J. C., & Pitts, S. C. (2000). Causal inference and generalization in field settings: Experimental and quasi-experimental designs. In H. T.Reis, & C. M.Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Whetten, D. A. (1989). What constitutes a theoretical contribution? Academy of Management Review, 14, 490495.
  • Wood, R. E., Goodman, J. S., Cook, A., & Beckman, N. (under review). Mediation testing in management research: A review and proposals.