The downside of religious attire: The Muslim headscarf and expectations of obtaining employment
Article first published online: 18 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 31, Issue 1, pages 4–23, January 2010
How to Cite
Ghumman, S. and Jackson, L. (2010), The downside of religious attire: The Muslim headscarf and expectations of obtaining employment. J. Organiz. Behav., 31: 4–23. doi: 10.1002/job.601
- Issue published online: 15 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 18 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 15 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Received: 10 NOV 2007
As laws are being passed or considered to ban certain forms of religious attire in the current international arena (France, Netherlands, Italy), it is important to address some of the concerns that Americans who wear religious attire might have. Based on stereotype threat theory, data from 219 American Muslim females were examined regarding their expectations of receiving job offers for a variety of occupations. Results indicated that Muslim women who wear the headscarf (Hijabis) had lower expectations of receiving a job offer than Muslim women who do not wear the hijab. This difference increased as the amount of public contact associated with the occupation decreased and job status of the occupation increased. Furthermore, work centrality moderated this relationship, but only for Muslim women who did not wear the headscarf. Implications of these findings with regard to Hijabis and occupational attainment are discussed. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.