A meta-analytic investigation into the moderating effects of situational strength on the conscientiousness–performance relationship

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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Erratum: A meta-analytic investigation into the moderating effects of situational strength on the conscientiousness–performance relationship Volume 33, Issue 1, 148–150, Article first published online: 28 November 2011

  • This manuscript is based on portions of the first author's master's thesis. An abbreviated version was awarded the 2005–2006 International Public Management Association Assessment Council's (IPMAAC) student paper of the year and was presented at their 2006 conference. Other portions were presented at the 2006 meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP).

Abstract

Debates about the utility of conscientiousness as a predictor of job performance have focused primarily on mean effect size estimates, despite theoretical and empirical reasons to expect variability across situations. The present study meta-analytically demonstrates that occupation-level situational strength is one important source of this variability. Consistent with theory, predicted uncorrected conscientiousness–performance correlations ranged from r = .09 to .23 (overall performance) and r = .06 to .18 (task performance), with stronger correlations observed in weak occupations. These results highlight the need for continued inquiry into the nature of situational strength, its impact on other predictor–outcome relationships, and the implications of these issues vis-à-vis theory and practice. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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