Special Issue Article
Beyond top-down and bottom-up work redesign: Customizing job content through idiosyncratic deals
Article first published online: 22 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Special Issue: Putting Job Design in Context
Volume 31, Issue 2-3, pages 187–215, February 2010
How to Cite
Hornung, S., Rousseau, D. M., Glaser, J., Angerer, P. and Weigl, M. (2010), Beyond top-down and bottom-up work redesign: Customizing job content through idiosyncratic deals. J. Organiz. Behav., 31: 187–215. doi: 10.1002/job.625
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 22 JAN 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 APR 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 26 APR 2009
- Manuscript Received: 14 AUG 2008
Two established approaches to work redesign are formal top-down interventions and proactive bottom-up job crafting. Top-down approaches are limited in their ability to create individually optimized work characteristics, whereas bottom-up processes are constrained by the latitude workers have to modify their own jobs. Following recent research on the idiosyncratic deals (i-deals) individuals negotiate with their employer, task i-deals customizing job content are suggested as a third approach to work redesign. Hypotheses on antecedents and consequences of task i-deals were tested in two studies conducted in the United States and Germany using structural equation modeling. LMX related positively to the extent of successfully negotiated task i-deals, which, in turn, was associated with a more positive evaluation of work characteristics—specifically, higher complexity and control and lower stressors. Work characteristics mediated positive indirect effects of task i-deals on employee initiative and work engagement. Denied requests for task i-deals were associated with a more negative assessment of work characteristics. We conclude with theoretical, practical, and research implications for better understanding and implementing work redesign through i-deals. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.