Careers as tournaments: The impact of sex and gendered organizational culture preferences on MBAs' income attainment
Version of Record online: 1 SEP 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 31, Issue 6, pages 856–876, August 2010
How to Cite
O'Neill, O. A. and O'Reilly, C. A. (2010), Careers as tournaments: The impact of sex and gendered organizational culture preferences on MBAs' income attainment. J. Organiz. Behav., 31: 856–876. doi: 10.1002/job.641
- Issue online: 19 JUL 2010
- Version of Record online: 1 SEP 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 24 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAY 2008
Drawing on gender role theory and tournament theory, we examined the effects of sex and organizational culture preferences on the incomes of MBA graduates over an 8-year period. We found that masculine culture preferences led to higher income 4 years after graduation and, in contrast to previous research, the effect was stronger for women. By 8 years after graduation, however, men's rate of income increase was significantly higher than women's, an effect that was mediated by hours worked per week. These findings clarify some of the conflicting results of previous research on the effects of gender roles on women's careers and suggest that a tournament-like aspect of careers may account for higher incomes in organizations. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.