Special Issue Article
Age and work-related motives: Results of a meta-analysis
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Special Issue: Contemporary empirical advancements in the study of aging in the workplace
Volume 32, Issue 2, pages 197–225, February 2011
How to Cite
Kooij, D. T. A. M., De Lange, A. H., Jansen, P. G. W., Kanfer, R. and Dikkers, J. S. E. (2011), Age and work-related motives: Results of a meta-analysis. J. Organiz. Behav., 32: 197–225. doi: 10.1002/job.665
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 SEP 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 28 AUG 2009
- Manuscript Received: 30 NOV 2008
An updated literature review was conducted and a meta-analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between age and work-related motives. Building on theorizing in life span psychology, we hypothesized the existence of age-related differences in work-related motives. Specifically, we proposed an age-related increase in the strength of security and social motives, and an age-related decrease in the strength of growth motives. To investigate life span developmental theory predictions about age-related differences in control strategies, we also examined the relationship between age and intrinsic and extrinsic motives. Consistent with our predictions, meta-analytic results showed a significant positive relationship between age and intrinsic motives, and a significant negative relationship between age and strength of growth and extrinsic motives. The predicted positive relation between age and strength of social and security motives was only found among certain subgroups. Implications of these findings for work motivation and life span theories and future research are discussed. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.