Learning from errors: The role of context, emotion, and personality
Version of Record online: 8 JUN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 32, Issue 3, pages 435–463, April 2011
How to Cite
Zhao, B. (2011), Learning from errors: The role of context, emotion, and personality. J. Organiz. Behav., 32: 435–463. doi: 10.1002/job.696
- Issue online: 24 MAR 2011
- Version of Record online: 8 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 17 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Received: 24 SEP 2008
This research focused on the relationship between negative emotionality and learning from errors. Specifically, negative emotionality was expected to impair learning from errors by decreasing motivation to learn. Perceived managerial intolerance of errors was hypothesized to increase negative emotionality, whereas emotional stability was proposed to decrease negative emotionality. All the hypotheses were tested in a laboratory simulation. Contrary to the prediction, a positive association was found between negative emotionality and motivation to learn. The effects of perceived managerial intolerance of errors and emotional stability on negative emotionality were as predicted. Moreover, exploratory data analyses were conducted at the level of specific negative emotions and revealed differentiated effects of specific negative emotions on learning from errors. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.