This study is part of Jana Kühnel's dissertation. This study was partly funded by a research grant from the University of Konstanz (AFF 12/00). This grant is gratefully acknowledged. We would like to thank Carmen Binnewies, Ronald Bledow, Nicolas Feuerhahn, and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.
How long do you benefit from vacation? A closer look at the fade-out of vacation effects†
Article first published online: 20 JUL 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 32, Issue 1, pages 125–143, January 2011
How to Cite
Kühnel, J. and Sonnentag, S. (2011), How long do you benefit from vacation? A closer look at the fade-out of vacation effects. J. Organiz. Behav., 32: 125–143. doi: 10.1002/job.699
- Issue published online: 22 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 20 JUL 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 MAR 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 24 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Received: 2 JUN 2009
- emotional exhaustion;
- work engagement
This study adds to research on the beneficial effects of vacation to employees' well-being and on the fade-out of these effects. One hundred and thirty-one teachers completed questionnaires one time before and three times after vacationing. Results indicated that teachers' work engagement significantly increased and teachers' burnout significantly decreased after vacation. However, these beneficial effects faded out within one month. Applying hierarchical regression analyses, we investigated the fade-out of vacation effects in detail. In line with the Job Demands-Resources model, job demands after vacation sped up the fade-out of beneficial effects. Additionally, leisure time relaxation experiences after vacation delayed the fade-out of beneficial effects. We conclude that reducing job demands and ensuring leisure time relaxation can prolong relief from vacation. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.