Special Issue Article
Stability, change, and the stability of change in daily workplace affect
Article first published online: 14 DEC 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Special Issue: Intra-Individual Processes Linking Work and Employee Well-Being
Volume 32, Issue 4, pages 526–546, May 2011
How to Cite
Beal, D. J. and Ghandour, L. (2011), Stability, change, and the stability of change in daily workplace affect. J. Organiz. Behav., 32: 526–546. doi: 10.1002/job.713
- Issue published online: 18 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 14 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 MAY 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAY 2010
- Manuscript Received: 17 AUG 2009
Daily affect often is determined by unpredictable events, but also has predictable components. We describe how the simultaneous modeling of overall affect level, cyclical variation in affect, and the occurrence of affective events can provide a clearer understanding of how affective well-being fluctuates over time. We examined intrinsic task motivation as a positive affective event, and had an opportunity to examine a single large negative affective event as well. Specifically, data collection was interrupted by a hurricane which made landfall very close to the data collection site, disrupting the lives of employees for weeks or months. We hypothesized that affect spin—an individual difference measure of variability in the affect circumplex—would increase reactions both to positive and negative affective events. These ideas were examined with 65 employees who provided daily ratings of affect for 21 days. Positive affect was influenced by several factors, whereas negative affect was less predictable. Affect spin moderated many of the dynamic components of daily positive affect, largely supporting the notion that affect spin reflects sensitivity both to positive and negative affective events. Discussion centers on the utility of incorporating dynamic accounts of affect in the study of well-being and work. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.