Article first published online: 5 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 512–530, May 2012
How to Cite
Peng, A. C., Riolli, L. T., Schaubroeck, J. and Spain, E. S. P. (2012), A moderated mediation test of personality, coping, and health among deployed soldiers. J. Organiz. Behav., 33: 512–530. doi: 10.1002/job.766
- Issue published online: 15 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 5 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 24 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Received: 20 AUG 2010
- combat stress;
- psychological distress
Our study examines how personality and coping influence soldiers' psychological health among 648 US Army personnel who were at that time deployed in Iraq at the height of an insurgency. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and extraversion were associated with different coping behaviors, and these were in turn related to psychological distress. Conscientiousness was positively associated with problem-focused coping and negatively with avoidance coping, whereas neuroticism was most positively associated with avoidance coping. Extraversion was positively related to both seeking social support and avoidance coping. As expected, avoidance coping was positively associated with psychological distress. Coping style explained more variance in the relationship between personality and distress among soldiers who perceived higher levels of threat, thus supporting a moderated mediation hypothesis. We discuss implications for facilitating the stress coping of workers who face acute and potentially traumatic stress exposures. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.