SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Alexander LV, Jones PD. 2001. Updated precipitation series for the UK and discussion of recent extremes. Atmospheric Science Letters 1: 142150. DOI:10.1006/asle.2001.0025.
  • Alexandersson H. 1986. A homogeneity test applied to precipitation data. Journal of Climatology 6: 661675.
  • Buchan A. 1891. The temperature of the northeast of Scotland for 129 years, from 1764 to 1892. Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society 9: 224231.
  • Butler CJ, Johnston DJ. 1996. A provisional long mean air temperature series for Armagh Observatory. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics 58: 16571672.
  • Butler CJ, Coughlin ADS, Garcia-Suarez AM, Cardwell D. 2003. Meteorological data recorded at Armagh Observatory: volume II, daily, monthly and annual maximum and minimum temperatures 1844–2002. Armagh Observatory Preprint Series.
  • Camuffo D, Jones PD (eds). 2002. Improved understanding of past climatic variability from early daily European instrumental sources. Climatic Change 53: 1392.
  • Coughlin ADS, Butler CJ. 1998. Is urban spread affecting meteorological observations at Armagh Observatory? Irish Astronomical Journal 25: 125128.
  • Easterling DR, Horton B, Jones PD, Peterson TC, Karl TR, Parker DE, Salinger MJ, Razuvayev V, Plummer N, Jamason P, Folland CK. 1997. A new look at maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe. Science 277: 364367.
  • Frich P, Alexandersson H, Ashcroft J, Dahlström B, Demarée GR, Drebs A, van Engelen AFV, Førland EJ, Hanssen-Bauer I, Heino R, Jónsson T, Jonasson K, Keegan L, Nordli PØ, Schmith T, Steffensen P, Tuomenvirta H, Tveito OE. 1996. North Atlantic climatological dataset (NACD Version 1). Scientific Report 96-1, Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Horton B. 1995. Geographical distribution of changes in maximum and minimum temperatures. Atmospheric Research 37: 101117.
  • HoughtonJT, DingY, GriggsDJ, NoguerM, van der LindenPJ, DaiX, MaskellK, JohnsonCA (eds). 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.
  • Hulme M, Jenkins GJ, Lu X, Turnpenny JR, Mitchell TD, Jones RG, Lowe J, Murphy JM, Hassell D, Boorman P, McDonald R, Hill S. 2002. Climate change scenarios for the United Kingdom: the UKCIP02 science report. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  • Hurrell JW. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic oscillation: regional temperatures and precipitation. Science 269: 676679.
  • Jones PD, Hulme M. 1997. The changing temperature of ‘central England’. In Climates of the British Isles, HulmeM, BarrowE (eds). Routledge: London; 173196.
  • Jones PD, Moberg A. 2003. Hemispheric and large-scale surface air temperature variations: an extensive revision and an update to 2001. Journal of Climate 16: 206223.
  • Jones PD, Osborn TJ, Briffa KR. 1997a. Estimating sampling errors in large-scale temperature averages. Journal of Climate 10: 25482568.
  • Jones PD, Jónsson T, Wheeler D. 1997b. Extension to the North Atlantic oscillation using early instrumental pressure observations from Gibraltar and SW Iceland. International Journal of Climatology 17: 14331450.
  • Jones PD, Osborn TJ, Briffa KR. 2003. Pressure-based measures of the NAO: a comparison and an assessment of changes in the strength of the NAO and in its influence on surface climate parameters. In North Atlantic Oscillation, HurrellJW, KushnirY, OttersenG, VisbeckM (eds). American Geophysical Union: Washington, DC; 5162.
  • Karl TR, Jones PD, Knight RW, Kukla G, Plummer N, Razuvayev V, Gallo KP, Lindesay J, Charlson RJ, Peterson TD. 1993. Asymmetric trends of daily maximum and minimum temperature: empirical evidence and possible causes. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 74: 10071023.
  • Kerr A, Shackley S, Milne R, Allen S. 1999. Climate change: Scottish implications scoping study. Scottish Executive, Central Research Unit, Edinburgh, UK.
  • Manley G. 1974. Central England temperatures: monthly means 1659 to 1973. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 100: 389405.
  • Mawley E. 1884. Report on temperatures in two different patterns of Stevenson screen. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 10: 17.
    Direct Link:
  • Moberg A, Alexandersson H. 1997. Homogenization of Swedish temperature data. Part III: homogenized gridded air temperatures compared with a subset of global air temperatures since 1861. International Journal of Climatology 17: 3554.
  • Moberg A, Alexandersson H, Bergström H, Jones PD. 2003. Were south Swedish summer temperatures before 1860 as warm as measured? International Journal of Climatology 23: 14951521.
  • Mossman RC. 1892. The climate of Braemar. Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society 10: 2541.
  • Mossman RC. 1896. The meteorology of Edinburgh, Part I. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 38: 681755.
  • Mossman RC. 1897. The meteorology of Edinburgh, Part II. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 39: 63207.
  • Mossman RC. 1902. The meteorology of Edinburgh, Part III. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 40: 469509.
  • Osborn TJ, Jones PD. 2000. Air flow influences on local climate: observed United Kingdom climate variations. Atmospheric Science Letters 1: 6274. DOI:10.1006/asle.2000.0017.
  • Parker DE. 1994. Effects of changing exposure of thermometers at land stations. International Journal of Climatology 14: 131.
  • Parker DE, Legg TP, Folland CK. 1992. A new daily central England temperature series. International Journal of Climatology 12: 317342.
  • Peterson TC, Vose RS. 1997. An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature database. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78: 28372848.
  • Peterson TC, Daan H, Jones PD. 1997. Initial selection of a GCOS surface network. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78: 21452152.
  • Peterson TC, Easterling DR, Karl TR, Groisman P, Nicholls N, Plummer N, Torok S, Auer I, Böhm R, Gullett D, Vincent L, Heino R, Tuomenvirta H, Mestre O, Szentimrey T, Salinger MJ, Førland EJ, Hanssen-Bauer I, Alexandersson H, Jones PD, Parker DE. 1998. Homogeneity adjustments of in situ atmospheric climate data: a review. International Journal of Climatology 18: 14931517.
  • Purves RS, Harrison SJ, Tabony RC, Turrell WR. 2000. The development of temperature indices for Scotland and Northern Ireland. SNIFFER Report No. SR (99) 07 F, Edinburgh, UK.
  • Rayner NA, Parker DE, Horton EB, Folland CK, Alexander LV, Rowell DP, Kent EC, Kaplan A. 2003. Global analyses of SST, sea ice and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. Journal of Geophysical Research 108: 4407. DOI:10.1029/2002JD002670.
  • Rodwell MJ. 2003. On the predictability of North Atlantic climate. In North Atlantic Oscillation, HurrellJW, KushnirY, OttersenG, VisbeckM (eds). American Geophysical Union: Washington, DC; 173192.
  • Roy MG. 1983. The Ben Nevis Meteorological Observatory 1883–1904. Meteorological Magazine 112: 318329.
  • Spence M. 1907. The climate of Orkney. Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society 14: 238255.
  • Tuomenvirta H, Drebs A, Førland E, Tveito OE, Alexandersson H, Vaarby Laursen E, Jónsson T. 2001. Nordklim data set 1.0—description and illustrations. KLIMA Report 08/01, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway. [CD ROM available from A. Drebs, Finnish Meteorological Institute, PO Box 503, FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland].
  • Van Oldenborgh GJ, van Ulden A. 2003. On the relationship between global warming, local warming in the Netherlands and changes in circulation in the 20th century. International Journal of Climatology 23: 17111724.
  • Wheeler D. 1994. The weather diary of Margaret Mackenzie of Delvine (Perthshire): 1780–1805. Scottish Geographical Magazine 110: 177182.
  • Wijngaard JB, Klein Tank AMG, Können GP. 2003. Homogeneity of 20th century European daily temperature and precipitation series. International Journal of Climatology 23: 679692.