Energy and radiation balance of a central European city

Authors

  • Andreas Christen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Meteorology, Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department of Geosciences, University of Basel, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland
    • Institute of Meteorology, Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department of Geosciences, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 27, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland
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  • Roland Vogt

    1. Institute of Meteorology, Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department of Geosciences, University of Basel, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland
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Abstract

Results from an experimental network of seven energy balance stations in and around a European city are presented. The network of micrometeorological stations was part of the Basel Urban Boundary Layer Experiment (BUBBLE) carried out in the city of Basel, Switzerland. Three urban sites provided turbulent flux densities and radiation data over dense urban surfaces. Together with a suburban site and three rural reference sites, this network allowed the simultaneous comparison of urban, suburban, and rural energy balance partitioning during one month of summertime measurements. The partitioning is analysed together with long-term data to evaluate the magnitude of the urban flux density modification, and to document characteristic values in their diurnal and yearly course. Simple empirical relations between flux densities and surface characteristics are presented. The energy balance partitioning is addressed separately for daytime and nocturnal situations. All four components of the surface radiation budget are analysed. Moreover, the vertical flux density divergences within the urban canopy layer are discussed. Copyright © 2004 Royal Meteorological Society

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