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Wind fluctuations over the North Sea

Authors

  • Claire L. Vincent,

    Corresponding author
    1. Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
    • Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Risø-DTU, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
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  • Pierre Pinson,

    1. Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modelling, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
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  • Gregor Giebela

    1. Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
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Abstract

Climatological patterns in wind speed fluctuations with periods of 1 min to 10 h are analysed using data from a meteorological mast in the Danish North Sea. Fluctuations on these time scales are of particular relevance to the effective management of the power supply from large wind farms. The Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) is shown to be an effective tool for analysing long time series of wind speed observations, as it describes the time-evolving spectral information in the time series. By binning and averaging the time-evolving spectrum, the average spectral behaviour of the wind speed under a certain class of conditions can be found. Here, the HHT is applied to create conditional spectra which demonstrate patterns in the occurrence of severe wind variability. It is shown that wind fluctuations over the North Sea are more severe for westerly flow than for easterly flow, and that severe fluctuations are often observed in the vicinity of precipitation. The most severe wind fluctuations occur in the autumn and winter seasons, and are slightly more common when the pressure tendency is rising. Further, it is found that the wind is more variable for atmospherically unstable conditions than for stable conditions. Copyright © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society

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