SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • ACIA. 2005. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment—Scientific Report. Cambridge University Press. ISBN:9780521865098, DOI: 10.2277/0521865093.
  • Alexeev VA, Langen PL, Bates JR. 2005. Polar amplification of surface warming on an aquaplanet in “ghost forcing” experiments without sea ice feedbacks. Climate Dynamics 24: 655666, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-005-0018-3.
  • Azen R, Budescu DV. 2006. Comparing predictors in multivariate regression models: An extension of dominance analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics 31(2): 157180.
  • Barnston AG, Livezey RE. 1987. Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns. Monthly Weather Review 115: 10831126.
  • Belchansky G, Douglas DC, Platonov NG. 2004. Duration of the Arctic Sea ice melt season: Regional and interannual variability, 1979–2001. Journal of Climate 17(1): 6780.
  • Bengtsson L, Semenov VA, Johannessen OM. 2004. The Early Twentieth-Century Warming in the Arctic—A possible Mechanism. Journal of Climate 17(10): 40454057.
  • Budescu DV. 1993. Dominance analysis: A new approach to the problem of relative importance of predictors in multiple regression. Psychological Bulletin 114(3): 542551.
  • Casty C, Raible CC, Stocker TF, Wanner H, Luterbacher J. 2007. A European pattern climatology 1766–2000. Climate Dynamics 29(7): 791805.
  • Cleveland WS. 1979. Robust locally weighted regression and smoothing scatterplots. Journal of the American Statistical Association 74: 829836.
  • Cleveland WS. 1981. LOWESS: A program for smoothing scatterplots by robust locally weighted regression. The American Statistician 35: 54.
  • Coelho CAS, Ferro CAT, Stephenson DB, Steinskog DJ. 2008. Methods for exploring spatial and temporal variability of extreme events in climate data. Journal of Climate 21(10): 20722092.
  • Coles S. 2001. An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values. Springer Series in Statistics. Springer Verlag. 1st Edition., 2001, XIV, ISBN 978-1-85233-459-8.
  • Comisio J. 2003. Warming trends in the Arctic from clear sky satellite observations. Journal of Climate 16(21): 34983510.
  • de Boor C. 1979. A practical guide to splines, Applied mathematical sciences, vol 27, Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-387-95366-3.
  • Epstein ES. 1991. On obtaining daily climatological values from monthly means. Journal of Climate 4(3): 365368.
  • Foster JL, Robinson DA, Hall DK, Estilow TW. 2008. Spring snow melt timing and changes over Arctic lands. Polar Geography 31(3):DOI: 10.1080/10889370802580185.
  • Francis JA, Hunter E. 2006. New insight into the disappearing Arctic sea ice. Eos Transactions AGU 87: 509.
  • Francis JA, Hunter E. 2007. Drivers of declining sea ice in the Arctic winter: A tale of two seas. Geophysical Research Letters 34(17): L17503.
  • Green PJ, Silverman BW. 1993. Nonparametric Regression and Generalized Linear Models: A Roughness Penalty Approach. Chapman & Hall/CRC.
  • Hartmann D.L. 1994. Global physical climatology. International Geophysics series, volume 56. Academic Press, 412 pp.
  • Hatzianastassiou N, Matsoukas C, Fotiadi A, Pavlakis KG, Drakakis E, Hatzidimitriou D, Vardavas I. 2005. Global distribution of Earths surface shortwave radiation budget. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 5: 28472867.20.
  • Hinzman LD, Bettez ND, Bolton WR, Chapin FS, Dyurgerov MB, Fastie CL, Griffith B, Hollister RD, Hope A, Huntington HP, Jensen AM, Jia GJ, Jorgenson T, Kane DL, Klein DR, Kofinas G, Lynch AH, Lloyd AH, McGuire AD, Nelson F, Oechel WC, Osterkamp TE, Racine CH, Romanovsky VE, Stone RS, Stow DA, Sturm M, Tweedie CE, Vourlitis GL, Walker MD, Walker DA, Webber PJ, Welker JM, Winker K, Yoshikawa K. 2005. Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other Arctic regions. Climatic Change 72: 251298.
  • IPCC WG1. 2001. Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, van der Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA, (ed). Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-80767-0 (pb: 0-521-01495-6).
  • IPCC WG2. 2001. McCarthy JJ, Canziani OF, Leary NA, Dokken DJ, White KS, (ed.) Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-80768-9 (pb: 0-521-01500-6).
  • IPCC WG1 AR4. 2007. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL. (ed). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-88009-1 (pb: 978-0-521-70596-7).
  • IPCC WG2 AR4. 2007. Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE. (ed). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-88010-7 (pb: 978-0-521-70597-4).
  • Johannessen OM, Pettersson LH. 2008. Arctic climate and shipping. In High North High Stakes. Gottemoeller R, Tamnes R (Eds). Fagbokforlaget. pp. 95114.
  • Jones PD, New M, Parker DE, Martin S, Rigor IG. 1999. Surface air temperature and its variations over the last 150 years. Reviews of Geophysics 37: 173199.
  • Kallberg P, Simmons A, Uppala S, Fuentes M. 2004. The ERA-40 archive. Reading, UK, European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), ECMWF Re-Analysis Project (ERA), 2004. 31p. ERA-40, Project Report Series, 17.
  • Kaufman DS, Schneider DP, McKay NP, Ammann CM, Bradley RS, Briffa KR, Miller GH, Otto-Bliesner BL, Overpeck JT, Vinther BM, Arctic Lakes 2k Project Members. 2009. Recent warming reverses long-term Arctic cooling. Science 325: 12361239, DOI: 10.1126/science.1173983.
  • Koenker R. 2005. Quantile Regression. Econometric SocietyMonographs: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kohler J, Nordli Ø, Isaksson E, Pohjola V. 2003. Extending the 20th century temperature and precipitation records on Svalbard using newly available instrumental and ice-core data, EGS—AGU—EUG Joint Assembly. Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, France, 6–11 April 2003, abstract #13555 pp. 13555.
  • Kuzmina SI, Johannessen OM, Bengtsson L, Aniskina OG, Bobylev LP. 2008. High northern latitude surface air temperature: comparison of existing data and creation of a new gridded data set 1900–2000. Tellus Series A, Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 60(2): 289304.
  • Li J, Wang J. 2003. A new North Atlantic Oscillation index and its variability. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 20(5): 661676.
  • Loeng H, Brander K, Carmack E, Denisenko S, Drinkwater K, Hansen B, Kovacs K, Livingston P, McLaughlin F, Sakshaug E. 2005. Marine systems. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, ACIA, Symon C, Arris L, Heal B (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 453538.
  • Markus T, Stroeve JC, Miller J. 2009. Recent changes in Arctic sea ice melt onset, freezeup, and melt season length. Journal of Geophysical Research 114: C12024, DOI: 10.1029/2009JC005436.
  • Mesquita MDS. 2006. Tracking Summer Extra-Tropical Storms: A climatological overview and variability in the North Atlantic. Master Thesis in Climatology, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen.
  • Muggeo VMR. 2003. Estimating regression models with unknown breakpoints Statistics in Medicine 22: 30553071.
  • Naveau P, Nogaj M, Ammann C, Yiou P, Cooley D, Jomelli V. 2005. Statistical methods for the analysis of climate extremes. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337: 10131022.
  • Nogaj M, Yiou P, Parey S, Malek F, Naveau P. 2006. Amplitude and frequency of temperature extremes over the North Atlantic region. Geophysical Research Letters 33: L10801.
  • Nicolaus Copernicus University Institute of Geography Gagarina 9, 87-100 Torun?, Poland http://www.zklim.umk.pl/en/bulletin-of-geography/.
  • Nordli Ø, Kohler J. 2004. The early 20th century warming. In Daily Observations at Grønfjorden and Longyearbyen on Spitsbergen. Norwegian Meteorological Institute: Oslo.
  • Peterson TC, Easterling DR, Karl TR, Groisman P, Nicholls N, Plummer N, Torok S, Auer I, Boehm R, Gullett D, Vincent L, Heino R, Tuomenvirta H, Mestre O, Szentimrey T, Salinger J, Forland EJ, Hanssen-Bauer I, Alexandersson H, Jones P, Parker D. 1998. Homogeneity adjustments of in situ atmospheric climate data: A review. International Journal of Climatology 18(13): 14931517.
  • Polyakov IV, Alekseev GV, Bekryaev RV, Bhatt U, Colony RL, Johnson MA, Karklin V, Makshtas AP, Walsh D, Yulin AV. 2002. Observationally based assessment of polar amplification of global warming. Geophysical Research Letters 19(18): 1878.
  • Polyakov IV, Bekryaev RV, Alekseev GV, Bhatt US, Colony RL, Johnson MA, Maskshtas AP, Walsh D. 2003. Variability and trends of air temperature and pressure in the maritime Arctic, 1875–2000. Journal of Climate 16(12): 20672077.
  • Przybylak R. 2003. The Climate of the Arctic. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  • Ramanathan V, Barkstrom BR, Harrison EF. 1989. Climate and the Earths radiation budget. Physics Today 42(5): 2232.
  • Rayner NA, Parker DE, Horton EB, Folland CK, Alexander LV, Rowell DP, Kent EC, Kaplan A. 2003. Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century Journal of Geophysical Research 108(D14): 4407 10.1029/2002JD002670.
  • Rigor IG, Colony RL, Martin S. 2000. Variations in surface air temperatures in the Arctic, 1979-97. Journal of Climate 13: 896914.
  • Schwartz SE. 2007. Heat capacity, time constant, and sensitivity of Earth's climate system. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 112(D24): D24S05.
  • Seierstad IA, Stephenson DB, Kvamstø NG. 2007. How useful are teleconnection patterns for explaining variability in extratropical storminess? Tellus Series A, Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 59(2): 170181.
  • Serreze MC, Barrett AP, Slater AG, Steele M, Zhang J, Trenberth KE. 2007. The large-scale energy budget of the Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research 112: D11122, DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008230.
  • Serreze MC, Barrett AP, Stroeve JC, Kindig DN, Holland MM. 2009. The emergence of surface-based Arctic amplification. Cryosphere 3: 1119, DOI: 10.5194/tc-3-11-2009.
  • Serreze MC, Walsh JE, Chapin FS, Osterkamp T, Dyurgerov M, Romanovsky V, Oechel WC, Morison J, Zhang T, Barry RG. 2000. Observational evidence of recent change in the northern high-latitude environment. Climatic Change 46(1): 159207.
  • Smedsrud LH, Sorteberg A, Kloster K. 2008. Recent and future changes of the Arctic sea-ice cover. Geophysical Research Letters 35: L20503, DOI: 10.1029/2008GL034813.
  • Sorteberg A, Furevik T, Drange H, Kvamstø NG. 2005. Effects of simulated natural variability on Arctic temperature projections. Geophysical Research Letters 32: L18708, DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023404.
  • Sorteberg A, Kvamstø NG. 2006. The effect of internal variability on anthropogenic climate projections. Tellus 58A: 565574, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2006.00202.x.
  • Smith NV, Saatchi SS, Randerson JT. 2004. Trends in high northern latitude soil freeze and thaw cycles from 1988 to 2002. Journal of Geophysical Research 109: D12101.
  • Sorteberg A, Kvingedal B. 2006. Atmospheric forcing on the Barents Sea Winter Ice Extent. Journal of Climate 18(10): 47724784.
  • Wallace JM, Gutzler DS. 1981. Teleconnections in the Geopotential Height Field during the Northern Hemisphere winter. Monthly Weather Review 109: 784812.