SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abu-Taleb AA, Alawneh AJ, Smadi MM. 2007. Statistical analysis of recent changes in relative humidity in Jordan. American Journal of Environmental Sciences 3(2): 7577.
  • Akinbode OM, Eludoyin AO, Fashae OA. 2008. Temperature and relative humidity distributions in a medium-size administrative town in southwest Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Management 87: 95105.
  • Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D, Smith M. 1998. Crop evapotranspiration: guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56, 300 pp.
  • Arora VK. 2002. The use of the drought index to assess climate change effect on annual runoff. Journal of Hydrology 265: 164177.
  • Baldocchi D, Valentini R, Running S, Oechel W, Dahlman R. 1996. Strategies for measuring and modeling carbon dioxide and water vapour fluxesover terrestrial ecosystems. Global Change Biology 2(3): 159168.
  • Bannayan M, Sanjani S, Alizadeh A, Lotfabadi SS, Mohamadian A. 2010. Association between climate indices, drought index, and rainfed crop yield in northeast of Iran. Field Crops Research 118: 105114.
  • Boos WR, Kuang Z. 2010. Dominant control of the South Asia monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature 463(14): 218222.
  • Bormann H. 2011. Sensitivity analysis of 18 different potential evapotranspiration models to observed climatic change at German climate stations. Climatic Change 104: 729753.
  • Brovkin V, Sitch S, von Bloh W, ClaussenM BE, Cramer W. 2004. Role of land cover changes for atmospheric CO2 increases and climate change during the last 150 years. Global Change Biology 10: 114.
  • Budyko MI. 1974. Climate and Life. Academic Press: Orlando, FL; 508.
  • Chaouche K, Neppel L, Dieulin C, Pujol N, Ladouche B, Martin E, Salas D, Caballero Y. 2010. Analyses of precipitation, temperature and evapotranspiration in a French Mediterranean region in the context of climate change. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 342: 234243.
  • Chen RS, Kang ES, Yang JP, Lu SH, Zhao WZ. 2004. Validation of five global radiation models with measured daily data in China. Energy Conversion and Management 45: 17591769.
  • Chen RS, Kang ES, Ji XB, Yang JP, Zhang ZH. 2006. Trends of the global radiation and sunshine hours in 1961–1998 and their relationships in China. Energy Conversion and Management 47: 28592866.
  • Committee on Abrupt Climate Change, National Research Council. 2002. “Definition of abrupt climate change”. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10136.html
  • Cui XF, Graf HF. 2009. Recent land cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau: a review. Climate Change 94: 4761.
  • Cuo L, Zhang Y, Wang QC, Zhang LL, Zhou BR, Hao ZC, Su FG. 2012. Climate change on the northern Tibetan Plateau during 1957–2009: Spatial patterns and possible mechanisms. Journal of Climate DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00738.1
  • Cutforth H, Judiesch D. 2007. Long-term changes to incoming solar energy on the Canadian Prairie. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 145: 167175.
  • Dettman DL, Fang XM, Garzione CN, Li JJ. 2003. Uplift-driven climate change at 12 Ma: a long N18O record from the NE margin of the Tibetan plateau. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 214: 267277.
  • Ding YH, Ren GY, Shi GY, Gong P, Zheng XH, Zhai PM, Zhang DE, Zhao ZC, Wang SW, Wang HJ, Luo Y, Chen DL, Gao XJ, Dai XS. 2006. National assessment report of climate change (I): climate change in China and its future trend. Advances in Climate Change Research 2(1): 38.
  • Donohue RJ, Mcvicar TR, Roderick ML. 2010. Assessing the ability of potential evaporation formulations to capture the dynamics in evaporative demand within a changing climate. Journal of Hydrology 386: 186197.
  • Doorenboos J, Pruitt WO. 1977. Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 24. FAO, Rome.
  • EL-Askary H, Sarkar S, Chiu L, Kafatos M, El-Gahzawi T. 2004. Rain gauge derived precipitation variability over Virginia and its relation with the El Niño Southern oscillation. Advances in Space Research 33: 338342.
  • Gao SH, Liu L (eds). 2008. Wetlands and Climate in the Three Rivers Source Region. China Meteorological Press:Beijing,151 pp.
  • Gilgen H, Wild M, Ohmura A. 1998. Means and trends of shortwave irradiance at the surface estimated from global energy balance archive data. Journal of Climate 11: 20422061.
  • Giorgi F, Hurrell J, Marinucci MR, Beniston M. 1997. Elevation dependency of the surface climate change signal: a model study. Journal of Climate 10: 288296.
  • Goossens CH, Berger A. 1986. Annual and seasonal climatic variations over the northern hemisphere and Europe during the last century. Annals Geophysicae 4: 385400.
  • Hargreaves GH, Samani ZA. 1985. Reference crop evapotranspiration from temperature. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 2: 9699.
  • Hobbins MT. 2004. Regional Evapotranspiration and Pan Evaporation: Complementary Interactions and Long-term Trends Across the Conterminous United States, PhD thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins.
  • Houghton RA, Hackler JL. 2003. Sources and sinks of carbon from land-use change in China. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2): 1034.
  • Hughes MK, Diaz HF. 2008. Climate variability and change in the drylands of Western North America. Global and Planetary Change 64: 111118.
  • Immerzeel WW, van Beek LPH, Bierkens MFP. 2010. Climate change will affect the Asian water towers. Science 328: 13821385.
  • IPCC. 2007. Climate change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. In: Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 996 pp.
  • Iverson LR, Prasad AM. 1998. Predicting abundance of 80 tree species following climate change in the eastern United States. Ecological Monographs 68: 465485.
  • Jiang Y, Luo Y, Zhao ZC, Tao SW. 2010. Changes in wind speed over China during 1956–2004. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 99: 421430.
  • Jose AM, Francisco RV, Cruz NA. 1996. A study on impact of climate variability/change on water resources in the Philippines. Chemosphere 33(9): 16871704.
  • Kang SC, Xu YW, You QL, Flügel W-A, Pepin N, Yao TD. 2010. Review of climate and cryospheric change in the Tibetan Plateau. Environmental Research Letters 5. DOI: 10.1088/17489326/5/1/01501
  • Kehrwald NM, Thompson LG, Yao TD, Mosley-Thompson E, Schotterer U, Alfimov V, Beer J, Eikenberg J, Davis ME. 2008. Mass loss on Himalayan glacier endangers water resources. Geophysical Research Letters 35: L22503. DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035556
  • Kendall MG. 1948. Rank correlation methods. Hafner: New York.
  • Kira T. 1945. A new classification of climate in eastern Asia as the basis for agricultural geography. Horticultural Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 23 pp (in Japanese).
  • Klein JA, Harte J, Zhao XQ. 2004. Experimental warming causes large and rapid species loss, dampened by simulated grazing, on the Tibetan Plateau. Ecology Letters 7: 11701179.
  • Ko K, Kim K, Huh J. 2010. Variations of wind speed in time on Jeju Island, Korea. Energy 35: 33813387.
  • Lei HF, Xie P, Chen GC, Li J. 2007. Comparison and analysis on the performance of hydrological time series change-point testing methods. Water Resources and Power 25(4): 3640 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Lenoir J, Gégout JC, Marquet PA, de Ruffray P, Brisse H. 2008. A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century. Science 320: 17681771.
  • Li Z, Jiang FQ. 2007. A study of abrupt climate change in Xinjiang region during 1961–2004. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology 29(3): 351359 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Li L, Zhu XD, Zhou LS, Wang QC. 2004. Climatic changes over headwater of the three-river-area and its effect on ecological environment. Meteorological Monthly 30(8): 1822 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Li L, Li FX, Guo AH, Zhu XD. 2006. Study on the climate change trend and its catastrophe over “Sanjiangyuan” region in recent 43 years. Journal of Natural Resources 21(1): 7985 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Li L, Li FX, Zhu XD, Zhang HD. 2007. Study on the evolution law of the extreme climatic events over the source region of the three rivers. Journal of Natural Resources 22(4): 656663 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Li JC, Wang WL, Hu GY, Wei ZH. 2010. Changes in ecosystem service values in Zoige Plateau, China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 139: 766770.
  • Lian LS, Shu J. 2009. Simulation of effects of grassland degradation on regional climate over Sanjiangyuan region in Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 23(3): 350362.
  • Liang LQ. 2011. Climate Change and Its Impact on Main in the Three Rivers Source Region, China. Postdoctoral Report. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 75 pp.
  • Liang LQ, Li LJ, Liu Q. 2010. Temporal variation of reference evapotranspiration during 1961–2005 in the Taoer River basin of Northeast China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 298306.
  • Liang LQ, Li LJ, Liu Q. 2011. Precipitation variability in Northeast China from 1961 to 2008. Journal of Hydrology 404: 6776.
  • Liepert BG. 2002. Observed reductions of surface solar radiation at sites in the United States and worldwide from 1961 to 1990. Geophysical Research Letters 29(10): 1421. DOI: 10.1029/2002GL014910
  • Limsakul A, Goes JI. 2008. Empirical evidence for interannual and longer period variability in Thailand surface air temperatures. Atmospheric Research 87: 89102.
  • Lin ZY, Wu XD. 1981. Climatic regionalization of the Qinghai–Xizang plateau. Acta Geographica Sinica 36(1): 2231.
  • Liu Q, Yang ZF, Cui BS. 2008. Spatial and temporal variability of annual precipitation during 1961–2006 in Yellow River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology 361: 330338.
  • Liu L, Gao SH, Wang LN. 2009. Mutation and evolution trend of climate in Headstream of Three Rivers. Journal of Natural Disasters 18(3): 5359 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Liu J, Kang S, Gong T, Lu A. 2010a. Growth of a high-elevation large inland lake associated with climate change and permafrost degradation in Tibet. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 14: 481489.
  • Liu Q, Yang ZF, Xia XH. 2010b. Trends for pan evaporation during 1959–2000 in China. Procedia Environmental Sciences 2: 19341941.
  • Liu YX, Li X, Zhang Q, Guo YF, Gao G, Wang JP. 2010c. Simulation of regional temperature and precipitation in the past 50 years and the next 30 years over China. Quaternary International 212: 5763.
  • Mann HB. 1945. Non-parametric test against trend. Econometrika 13: 245259.
  • de Martonne E. 1926. Une nouvelle fonction climatologique: L'indice d'aridité. La Meteorologie : 449458.
  • McVicar TR, Van Niel TG, Li LT, Roderick ML, Rayner DP, Ricciardulli L, Donohue RJ. 2008. Wind speed climatology and trends for Australia, 1975–2006: Capturing the stilling phenomenon and comparison with near-surface reanalysis output. Geophysical Research Letters 35: L20403. DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035627
  • Mendoza B, Maravilla D, Jauregui E. 2006. Main periodicities of the minimum extreme temperature of three stations near the Mexican Pacific coast. Atmosfera 19: 922.
  • Meng M, Ni J, Zhang ZG. 2004. Aridity index and its applications in geo-ecological study. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica 28(6): 853861 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Moritz C, Patton JL, Conroy CJ, Parra JL, White GC, Beissinger SR. 2008. Impact of a century of climate change on small–mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USA. Science 322: 261264.
  • Palmer WC. 1965. Meteorological Drought. Research Paper No. 45, US Weather Bureau, Washington, DC.
  • Ped DA. 1975. On indicators of droughts and wet conditions (in Russian). Proceedings of the USSR Hydrometeorological Centre 156: 1939.
  • Penman HL. 1948. Natural evaporation from open water, bare soil, and grass. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A193: 120146.
  • Pinker RT, Zhang B, Dutton EG. 2005. Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science 308: 850854.
  • Potop V, Türkott L, Kožnarová V. 2008. Spatiotemporal characteristics of drought episodes in Czechia. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica 39(3): 258268.
  • Pu JC, Yao TD, Yang MX, Tian LD, Wang NL, Ageta Y, Fujita K. 2008. Rapid decrease of mass balance observed in the Xiao (Lesser) Dongkemadi Glacier, in the central Tibetan Plateau. Hydrological Processes 22: 29532958.
  • Qinghai Bureau of Statistics. 2009. Qinghai Statistical Yearbook. China Statistics Press: Beijing, China; 630 (in Chinese).
  • Ren FM, Shi JE. 1995. Characteristics of annual rainfall in arid and semi–arid region of China. Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology 6: 502504 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Ren GY, Guo J, Xu ZM, Chu ZY, Zhang L, Zou XK, Li QX, Liu XN. 2005a. Climate changes of China's mainland over the past half century. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 63(6): 942956 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Ren GY, Xu ZM, Chu ZY, Guo J, Li QX, Liu XN, Wang Y. 2005b. Changes of surface air temperature in China during 1951–2004. Climatic and Environmental Research 10(4): 717727 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Rigozo NR, Nordemann DJR, Echer E, Zanandrea A, Gonzalez WD. 2002. Solar variability effects studied by tree-ring data wavelet analysis. Advances in Space Research 29(12): 19851988.
  • Roderick ML, Farquhar GD. 2004. Changes in Australian pan evaporation from 1970 to 2002. International Journal of Climatology 24: 10771090.
  • Selianinov GT. 1928. On agricultural climate valuation. Proceedings of Agricultural Meteorology 20: 165177.
  • Shen SH, Sheng Q. 2008. Changes in pan evaporation and its cause in China in the last 45 years. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 66(3): 452460 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Shuttleworth WJ. 1993. Evaporation. In Handbook of Hydrology, Maidment DR (ed). McGraw–Hill: Sydney; 53.
  • da Silva VPR. 2004. On climate variability in Northeast of Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments 58: 575596.
  • Sneyers R. 1963. Sur la détermination de la stabilité des séries climatologiques, Arid zone Research, Changes of Climate. In Proc. Rome Symp. (UNESCO/WMO) Paris, 37–44.
  • Stanhill G, Cohen S. 2005. Solar radiation changes in the United States during the Twentieth century: evidence from sunshine duration measurements. Journal of Climate 18: 15031512.
  • Stich S, Brovkin V, von Bloh W, van Vuuren D, Eickhout B, Ganopolski A. 2005. Impacts of future land cover changes on atmospheric CO2 and climate. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19: GB2013.
  • Thornthwaite CW. 1948. An approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geographical Review 38: 5794.
  • Torrence C, Compo GP. 1998. A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79: 6178.
  • Tuller SE. 2004. Measured wind speed trends on the west coast of Canada. International Journal of Climatology 24: 13591374.
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 1992. World Atlas of Desertification. Edward Arnold: London; 192.
  • Wang X, Cheng G, Zhong X. 2011. Assessing potential impacts of climatic change on subalpine forests on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Climatic Change 108: 225241.
  • Wei FY. 1999. Statistical Techniques of Modern Climatic Diagnosis and Forecasting. China Meteorological Press: Beijing; 6365 (in Chinese).
  • Wild M. 2009. Global dimming and brightening: a review. Journal of Geophysical Research 114: D00D16. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD011470
  • WMO. 1984. Technical Regulations, Vol. I. WMO Publication No. 49. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Xiang LY, Chen X. 2006. Regional and Seasonal Features of Abrupt Temperature Change in China in Recent 55 Years. Meteorological Monthly 32(6): 4447 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Xiang S, Guo RQ, Wu N, Sun SC. 2009. Current status and future prospects of Zoige Marsh in Eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Ecological Engineering 35: 553562.
  • Xiao DR, Tian B, Tian K, Yang Y. 2010. Landscape patterns and their changes in Sichuan Ruoergai Wetland National Nature Reserve. Acta Ecologica Sinica 30: 2732.
  • Xu XL. 2007. Research on Ecological Vulnerability Change and Interaction Development Model of Economy and Ecology in Sanjiangyuan Region, PhD dissertation, Shannxi Normal University, China, 232 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Xu M, Chang C-P, Fu C, Qi Y, Robock A, Robinson D, Zhang H. 2006. Steady decline of East Asian Monsoon winds, 1969–2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed. Journal of Geophysical Research 111: D24111. DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007337
  • Xue X, Guo J, Han BS, Sun QW, Liu LC. 2009. The effect of climate warming and permafrost thaw on desertification in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Geomorphology 108: 182190.
  • Yadava MG, Ramesh R. 2007. Significant longer-term periodicities in the proxy record of the Indian monsoon rainfall. New Astronomy 12(7): 544555.
  • Yanai MH, Li CF, Song ZS. 1992. Seasonal heating of the Tibetan Plateau and its effects on the evolution of the Asian summer monsoon. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 70(1): 319351.
  • Yang F. 2006. Increased drying in the Three Rivers Source Region. China Environmental News2006.8.13 (in Chinese) .
  • Yang K, Ye BS, Zhou DG, Wu BY, Foken T, Qin J, Zhou ZY. 2011. Response of hydrological cycle to recent climate changes in the Tibetan Plateau. Climatic Change . DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0099-4
  • Yao TD, Liu SY, Pu JC, Shen YP, Lu AX. 2004. Glacial retreat in High Asia and its impact on water resource in Northwest China. Science in China (series D) 47(12): 10651075.
  • Yao TD, Pu JC, Lu AX, Wang YQ, Yu WS. 2007. Recent glacial retreat and its impact on hydrological processes on the Tibetan Plateau, China, and surrounding regions. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 39(4): 642650.
  • Yao TD, Thompson L, Yang W, Yu WS, Gao Y, Guo XJ, Yang XX, Duan KQ, Zhao HB, Xu BQ, Pu JC, Lu AX, Xiang Y, Kattel DB, Joswiak D. 2012. Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. Nature Climate Change 2: 663667.
  • You QL, Kang SC, Flügel W-A, Pepin N, Yan YP, Huang J. 2010a. Decreasing wind speed and weakening latitudinal surface pressure gradients in the Tibetan Plateau. Climate Research 42: 5764.
  • You QL, Kang SC, Pepin N, Flügel W-A, Arturo S-L, Yan YP, Zhang YJ. 2010b. Climate warming and associated changes in atmospheric circulation in the eastern and central Tibetan Plateau from a homogenized dataset. Global and Planetary Change 72: 1124.
  • Yu WS, Ma YM, Sun WZ, Wang Y. 2009. Climatic significance of δ18O records from precipitation on the western Tibetan Plateau. Chinese Science Bulletin 54(16): 27322741.
  • Zeng Y, Qiu XF, Liu CM, Pan AD, Gao P. 2007. Changes of pan evaporation in China in 1960–2000. Advances in Water Science 18(3): 1118 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Zhang Y. 2005. Conference on climate change and its influence and counter measures in the Sanjiang Source Region. Advances in Climate Change Research 1(2): 94 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Zhang JP. 2011. Changes of wetland and NPP of wetland vegetation in Damqu River basin in source region of the Yangtze River and the influencing factors, Doctoral Dissertation, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 137 pp.
  • Zhao FF, Xu ZX. 2006. Long term trend and jump change for major climate processes over the upper Yellow River Basin. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 64(2): 246255 (in Chinese with English abstract).
  • Zheng J, Cai P. 2005. Conversation of ecology in the Sanjiang Source Region in Qinghai province. Qinghai Science and Technology 1: 912 (in Chinese).