• Iberian Peninsula;
  • early meteorological observations;
  • air temperature;
  • atmospheric pressure;
  • wind;
  • rainfall


This article summarizes recent efforts on early instrumental data recovery in Spain conducted under the Salvà-Sinobas project. We have retrieved and digitized more than 100 000 meteorological observations prior to 1850 in Spain. This data set contains measurements of air temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind direction and state of the atmosphere in 16 places located in Iberia and the Balearic Islands. Most of the observations are made on a daily basis. However, monthly and annual information has also been retrieved. The time coverage of the series is not homogeneous, with the earliest records starting in Seville in 1780. Prior to this work only two series were available in Spain (i.e. Cadiz and Barcelona), so this data set represents a great advance in the early data availability for Spain. Due to the lack of metadata in most of the series, their interpretation must be made with caution. © 2013 Royal Meteorological Society