Possible future changes in cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal, India under warmer climate

Authors

  • P. Parth Sarthi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centre for Environmental Sciences, School of Earth, Biological and Environmental Sciences, Central University of Bihar, Patna, India
    • Correspondence to: P. Parth Sarthi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, School of Earth, Biological and Environmental Sciences, Central University of Bihar, Camp Office: BIT Campus-Patna, P.O. B.V. College, Patna 800014, Bihar, India. E-mail: drpps@hotmail.com

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  • Anubha Agrawal,

    1. Department of Natural Resources, TERI University, New Delhi, India
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  • A. Rana

    1. Department of Water Resources Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Sweden
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ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to study the model's simulated frequency, track, intensity and location of cyclonic storms (CSs) and severe cyclonic storms (SCSs) in the Bay of Bengal (BoB), India. For the purpose, the PRECIS (Providing REgional Climates for Impacts Studies) a regional climate modelling system, of UK Met Office, is used. This model is integrated for the period 1961–1990 (baseline) and the future time period 2071–2100 (High emission scenario, A2). To run the model, the initial and lateral boundary conditions are supplied by UK Met Office. The analysis of frequency, track, intensity and location are carried out for May, June, September and October for the period 1961–1990 and 2071–2100. To evaluate the model's performance in simulating storms frequency during 1961–1990, chi square test is carried out with observed storms for the same period. The model's simulated frequency of storms is an overestimation of observations although the frequency of model's simulated storms during 2071–2100 is less than that of during 1961–1990. In general, model's simulated storms are found moving in the northwest direction from their initial location in all months during 1961–1990 and 2071–2100. In model's simulations, the drop in central pressure is relatively more in the months of May, June, September and October during 2071–2100 compared with that during 1961–1990. During 2071–2100, more intense storms may be possible in the months of May and June compared with that of September and October. It is observed that the model is able to simulate the initial locations of storms during 1961–1990 and 2071–2100 close to observations for the months of June and September, especially.

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