SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barnett T, Preisendorfer R. 1987. Origin and levels of monthly and seasonal forecast skill for United States surface air temperatures determined by canonical correlation analysis. Monthly Weather Review 115: 18251850.
  • Bengtsson L, Botzet M, Esch. M. 1995. Hurricane-type vortices in a general circulation model. Tellus 47A: 175196.
  • Benestad R. 1998. SVD applied statistical downscaling for prediction of monthly mean land surface temperatures: model documentation. DNMI Report No. 30.
  • Busuioc A, von Storch H, Schnur R. 1999a. Verification of GCM generated regional seasonal precipitation for current climate and of statistical downscaling estimates under changing climate conditions. Journal of Climate 12: 258272.
  • Busuioc A, Chen D, Hellström C. 1999b. Temporal and spatial variability of precipitation in Sweden over the 1890–1990 interval. Report C19, Earth Sciences Centre, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • Cavazos T. 1999. Large-scale circulation anomalies conductive to extreme precipitation events and derivation of daily rainfall in northeastern Mexico and southeastern Texas. Journal of Climate 12: 15061523.
  • Chen D, Chen Y. 1999. Development and verification of a multiple regression downscaling model for monthly temperature in Sweden. In Preliminary Analysis and Statistical Downscaling of Monthly Temperature in Sweden, Report C16, ChenD, HellströmC, ChenY (eds). Earth Sciences Centre, Göteborg University: Sweden; 4155.
  • Chen D, Hellström C. 1999. The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the regional temperature variability in Sweden: spatial and temporal variations. Tellus 51A: 505516.
  • Cubasch U, von Storch H, Waskewitz J, Zorita E. 1996. Estimate of climate change in Southern Europe using different downscaling techniques. Climate Research 7: 129149.
  • Fox-Rabinovitz MS, Stenchicov GL, Suarez MJ, Takacs LL. 1997. A finite difference GCM dynamical core with a variable resolution stretched grid. Monthly Weather Review 125: 29432968.
  • Frich F, Alexandersson H, Ashcroft J, Dahlström B, Demaree GR, Drebs A, van Engelen AFV, Forland EJ, Hanssen-Bauer I, Heino R, Jonsson T, Jonasson K, Keegan L, Nordli PO, Schmith T, Steffensen P, Tuomenvirta H, Tveito OE. 1996. North Atlantic Climatological Dataset (NACD Version 1)—Final Report. DNMI Report.
  • Giorgi F, Mearns L. 1991. Approaches to the simulation of regional climate change: a review. Review of Geophysics 29: 191216.
  • Goodess C, Palutikof J. 1998. Development of daily rainfall scenarios for southeast Spain using a circulation-type approach to downscaling. International Journal of Climatology 10: 10511083.
  • Hulme M.. 1994. Validation of large-scale precipitation fields in general circulation models. In Global Precipitation and Climate Change, NATO ASI series, vol. I26, DesboisM, DésalmandF (eds). Springer-Verlag: Berlin; 387405.
  • Hurrell JW. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: regional temperatures and precipitation. Science 269: 676679.
  • Johns TC. 1996. A description of the second Hadley Centre coupled model (HADCM2). Hadley Centre for climate prediction and research report No. 71.
  • Johns TC, Carnell RE, Crossley JF, Gregory JM, Mitchell JFB, Senior CA, Tett SFB, Wood RA. 1997. The second Hadley Centre coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM: model description, spinup and validation. Climate Dynamics 13: 103134.
  • Karl TR, Wang WC, Schlesinger ME, Knight RW, Portman D. 1990. A method of relating general circulation model simulated climate to the observed local climate. Part I: Seasonal statistics. Journal of Climate 1: 10571064.
  • Kharin V. 1995. The relationship between sea surface temperature anomalies and atmospheric circulation in GCM experiments. Climate Dynamics 11: 359375.
  • Machenhauer BM, Windelbrand M, Botzet M, Christensen JH, Deque M, Jones RG, Ruti PM, Visconti G. 1998. Validation and analysis of regional present-day climate and simulation over Europe. MPI for Meteorology. Report No. 275.
  • Noguer M. 1994. Using statistical techniques to deduce local climate distributions. An application for model validation. Meteorological Applications 1: 277287.
  • Palutikof JP, Winkler JA, Goodess CM, Andresen JA. 1997. The simulation of daily temperature time series from GCM output. Part 1: comparison of model data with observations. Journal of Climate 10: 24972513.
  • Ponater M, Köning W, Sausen R, Sielmann F. 1994. Circulation regime fluctuation and their effect on intraseasonal variability in the ECHAM climate model. Tellus 46A: 265285.
  • Räisänen J, Döscher R. 1999. Simulation of present-day climate in Northern Europe in the HadCM2 GCM. Reports on Meteorology and Climatology, No. 48. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  • Rummukainen M, Räisänen J, Ullerstig A, Bringfelt B, Hansson U, Graham P, Willen U. 1998. RAC-Rossby Centre regional atmospheric climate model: model description and results from the first multi-year simulation. SMHI RMK 83: 76. Obtainable from Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping.
  • Trenberth KE, Paolino DA. 1980. The Northern Hemisphere sea-level pressure data set: trends, errors and discontinuites. Monthly Weather Review 108: 855872.
  • von Storch H, Zorita E, Cubasch U. 1993. Downscaling of global climate change estimates to regional scale: An application to Iberian rainfall in wintertime. Journal of Climate 6: 11611171.
  • von Storch H. 1995a. Spatial patterns: EOFs and CCA. In Analysis of Climate Variability: Application of Statistical Techniques, von StorchH, NavarraA (eds). Springer-Verlag: Berlin; 227258.
  • von Storch H. 1995b. Inconsistencies at the interface of climate impacts studies and global climate research. Meteorologie Zeitschrift NF4: 7280.
  • Werner P, von Storch H. 1993. Interannual variability of Central European mean temperature in January-February and its relation to large-scale circulation. Climate Research 3: 195207.
  • Wigley TML, Jones PD, Briffa KR, Smith G. 1990. Obtaining subgrid scale information from coarse-resolution general circulation model output. Journal of Geophysical Research 95: 19431953.
  • Zorita E, von Storch H. 1999. The analog method as a simple statistical downscaling technique: comparison with more complicated methods. Journal of Climate 12: 24742489.