SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • AtchleyWR, BryantEH (eds). 1975. Multivariate Statistical Methods: Among-Groups Covariation. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross.
  • Barston AG, Livezey RE. 1987. Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns. Monthly Weather Review 115: 10831126.
  • Chatfield C. 1980. The Analysis of Time Series, an Introduction. Chapman and Hall.
  • Collins M, Tett SFB, Cooper C. 2001. The internal climate variability of HadCM3. A version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Climate Dynamics 17: 6181.
  • Collins M, Osborn TJ, Tett SFB, Briffa KR, Schweingruber FH. 2002. A comparison of the variability of a climate model with paleotemperature estimates from a network of tree-ring densities. Journal of Climate 15: 14971515.
  • Cooper C, Gordon C. 2002. North Atlantic oceanic decadal variability in the Hadley Centre coupled model. Journal of Climate 15: 4572.
  • Corte-Real J, Zhang X, Wang X. 1995. Downscaling GCM information to regional scales: a non-parametric multivariate regression approach. Climate Dynamics 11: 413424.
  • DKRZ Model User Support Group. 1993. Report No. 6: the ECHAM3 atmospheric general circulation model. Deutsches Klimarechezentrum.
  • Goodess CM, Jones PD. 2002. Links between circulation and changes in the characteristics of Iberian rainfall. International Journal of Climatology 22: 15931615.
  • Gordon C, Cooper C, Senior CA, Banks H, Gregory JM, Johns TC, Mitchell JFB, Wood RA. 2000. The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model withour flux adjustments. Climate Dynamics 16: 147168.
  • González-Rouco F, Zorita E, Heyen H, Valero E. 2000. Agreement between observed rainfall trends and climate change simulated in the southwest of Europe. Journal of Climate 13: 30573065.
  • Hurrell JW, van Loon H. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic oscillation and relationships to regional temperature and precipitation. In Proceedings of Sixth International Meeting in Statistical Climatology, vol. 1; 185188.
  • Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Zhu Y, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Higgins W, Janowiak J, Mo K, Ropelewski C, Wang J, Leetmaa A, Reynolds R, Jenne R, Joseph D. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 77: 437471.
  • Marshall J, Kushnir Y, Batisti D, Chang P, Czaja A, Dickson R, Hurrell J, McCartney M, Saravanan R, Visbeck M. 2001. North Atlantic climate variability: phenomena, impacts and mechanims. International Journal of Climatology 21: 18631898.
  • Mitchell JM. 1966. Climate change. Technical Note. World Meteorological Organization.
  • New M, Todd M, Hulme M, Jones P. 2001. Precipitation measurements and trends in the twentieth century. International Journal of Climatology 21: 18991922.
  • Nobre P, Moura AD, Sun L. 2001. Dynamical dowscaling of seasonal climate prediction over Nordeste Brazil with ECHAM3 and NCEP regional espectra models at IRI. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82: 27872796.
  • North GR, Bell TL, Cahalan RF, Moeng FJ. 1982. Sampling errors in the estimation of empirical orthogonal functions. Monthly Weather Review 110: 699706.
  • Oberhuber JM. 1993. Report No. 7: The OPYC ocean general circulation model. The description of a coupled, snow, sea-ice, mixed layer and isopycnal ocean model. Deutsches Klimarechezentrum, Model User Support Group.
  • Poccard I, Janicot S, Camberlin P. 2000. Comparison of rainfall structures between NCAP/NCAR reanalyses and observed data over tropical Africa. Climate Dynamics 16: 897915.
  • Pope VD, Galliani ML, Rowntree PR, Stratton RA. 2000. The impact of new physical parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model: HadAM3. Climate Dynamics 16: 123146.
  • Quadrelli R, Pavan V, Molteni F. 2001. Wintertime variability of Mediterranean precipitation and its links with large-scale circulation anomalies. Climate Dynamics 17: 457466.
  • Rao VB, Santo CE, Franchito SH. 2002. A diagnosis of rainfall over South America during the 1997/98 El Niño event, part I: validation of NCEP–NCAR reanalysis rainfall data. Journal of Climate 15: 502511.
  • Rodríguez-Fonseca B, Serrano E. 2002. Winter 10-day coupled patterns between geopotential height and Iberian Peninsula rainfall using the ECMWF precipitation reanalysis. Journal of Climate 15: 13091321.
  • Rodriguez-Puebla C, Encinas AH, Nieto S, Garmendia J. 1998. Spatial and temporal patterns of annual precipitation variability over the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology 18: 299316.
  • Rodríguez-Puebla C, Nieto S, Sáenz J, Zubillaga J. 1999. Influences of teleconnection indices on Iberian Peninsula precipitation. In Proceedings of 8th Conference on Climate Variations. American Meteorological Society 129132.
  • Rodríguez-Puebla C, Encinas AH, Sáenz J. 2001. Winter precipitation over the Iberian Peninsula and its relationship to circulation indices. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 52: 233244.
  • Sáenz J, Zubillaga J, Rodríguez-Puebla C. 2001. Interannual variability of winter precipitation in northern Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology 21: 15031513.
  • Sneyers R. 1975. Sobre el análisis estadístico de las series de observaciones. Technical Note. World Meteorological Organization.
  • Tanaka HL, Tokinaga H. 2002. Baroclinic instability in high latitudes induced by a polar vortex: a connection to the Arctic oscillation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 59: 6982.
  • Thompson DWJ, Wallace JM. 1998. The Arctic oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophysical Research Letters 259: 12971300.
  • Thompson DWJ, Wallace JM. 2000. Annular modes in the extratropical circulation, part I: month to month variability. Journal of Climate 13: 10001016.
  • Trigo RM, Palutikof JP. 2001. Precipitation scenarios over Iberia: a comparison between direct GCM output and different downscaling techniques. Journal of Climate 14: 44224446.
  • Von Storch H, Zorita E, Cubasch U. 1993. Downscaling of global climate-change estimates to regional scales. An application to Iberian Peninsula in wintertime. Journal of Climate 6: 11611171.
  • Von Storch H, Zwiers HW. 1999. Statistical Analysis in Climate Research. Cambrigde University Press.
  • Yarnal B, Comrie AC, Frakes B, Brown DP. 2001. Developments and prospects in synoptic climatology. International Journal of Climatology 21: 19231950.