Effect of cyclic strain and plating matrix on cell proliferation and integrin expression by ligament fibroblasts

Authors

  • Jo A. Hannafin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
    2. Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
    • Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021. Telephone: 212-606-1469; Fax: 212-327-1417
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  • Erik A. Attia,

    1. Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
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  • Ross Henshaw,

    1. Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
    2. Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
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  • Russell F. Warren,

    1. Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
    2. Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
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  • Madhu M. Bhargava

    1. Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th Street, New York, New York 10021
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Abstract

The role of cell surface integrins in cell migration, proliferation, and attachment to matrix molecules is well known. Integrin–matrix interactions have been implicated in mechanotransduction and load transmission from the outside to the inside of the cell. In this study, the effect of cyclic strain on the cell proliferation, attachment, and expression of integrin subunits β1, β3, and α5 was determined in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) fibroblasts grown on polystyrene, Type I collagen, laminin, elastin, and fibronectin. ACL fibroblast proliferation was not affected by growth substrate whereas MCL cells reached confluence more rapidly on fibronectin compared with collagen or polystyrene. Exposure to 5% cyclic strain resulted in a significant decrease in ACL and MCL fibroblast proliferation on fibronectin and Type I collagen. MCL cells showed a greater strain-dependent inhibition of cells grown on a fibronectin substrate than those grown on collagen. This matrix-dependent effect of strain on cell proliferation was not seen with ACL cells. Attachment of ACL and MCL fibroblasts was stronger to fibronectin compared with Type I collagen, laminin, and polystyrene. In the absence of applied load, the expression of β1, β3, and α5 subunits was not substrate dependent and the expression of β1 and α5 integrin subunits was higher in MCL cells than ACL cells on all substrates. In contrast, the expression of β3 integrin subunit was higher in ACL cells than MCL cells. In response to 5% strain, β1, and α5 expression increased in all fibroblasts with MCL cells having a higher magnitude of expression. β3 expression showed a 90% increase in response to load when grown on laminin for both MCL and ACL fibroblasts and demonstrated no change in expression on Type I collagen or fibronectin. The duration of applied strain from 2 versus 22 h had no effect on cell proliferation or integrin expression. © 2005 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res

Ancillary