SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Eastwood DM, Gregg PJ, Atkins RM. 1993. Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum. J Bone Joint Surg Br 75: 183188.
  • 2
    Buckley R, Tough S, McCormack R. 2002. Operative compared with non operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective randomised controlled multi center trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am 84: 17331744.
  • 3
    Harvey EJ, Grujic L, Early Jsenirschke SK, et al. 1999. Morbidity associated with ORIF of intra articular calcaneus fractures: analysis of 190 fractures. J Orthop Trauma 13: 369372.
  • 4
    Howard JL, Buckley R, McCormack R, et al. 2003. Complications following management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective randomised trial comparing open reduction internal fixation with nonoperative management. J Orthop Trauma 17: 241—249.
  • 5
    Sanders R. 1992. Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus: present state of the art. J Orthop Trauma 6: 252265.
  • 6
    Aldrige JM, Easley M, Nunley JA. 2004. Open calcaneal fractures. Results of operative treatment. J Orthop Trauma 18: 711.
  • 7
    Burdeaux BD. 1983. Reduction of calcaneal fractures by the McReynolds medial approach technique and its experimental basis. Clin Orthop 177: 87103.
  • 8
    Carr JB, Hamilton JJ, Bear LS. 1989. Experimental intra-articular calcaneal fractures: anatomic basis for a new classification. Foot Ankle 10: 8187.
  • 9
    Paley D, Hall H. 1993. Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. A critical analysis of results and prognostic factors. J Bone Joint Surg 75: 342354.
  • 10
    Ross SD, Sowerby MR. 1985. The operative treatment of fractures of the os calcis. Clin Orthop 199: 132143.
  • 11
    Soeur R, Remy R. 1975. Fractures of the calcaneus with displacement of the thalamic portion. J Bone Joint Surg Br 57: 413421.
  • 12
    Stephenson JR. 1983. Displaced fractures of the os calcis involving the subtalar joint: the key role of the superomedial fragment. Foot Ankle 83: 91101.
  • 13
    Warrick CK, Brenner AE. 1953. Fractures of the calcaneum, with an atlas illustrating the various types of fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Br 35: 3345.
  • 14
    Carr JB. 1993. Mechanism and pathoanatomy of the intraarticular calcaneal fracture. Clin Orthop 290: 3640.
  • 15
    Essex-Lopresti P. 1952. The mechanism, reduction, technique, and results in fractures of the os calcis. Br J Surg 39: 395419.
  • 16
    Boutry N, Cortet B, Dubois P, et al. 2003. Trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus: preliminary in vivo MR imaging assessment in men with osteoporosis. Radiology 227: 708717.
  • 17
    Lin JC, Amling M, Newitt DC, et al. 1998. Heterogeneity of trabecular bone structure in the calcaneus using magnetic resonance imaging. Osteop Int 8: 1624.
  • 18
    Link TM, Majumdar S, Grampp S, et al. 1999. Imaging of trabecular bone structure in osteoporosis. Eur Radiol 9: 17811788.
  • 19
    Pfister AK, Starcher V, Welch C. 2003. The use of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound for determining mass of the hip. W V Med J 99: 7173.
  • 20
    Riggs BL, Melton LJ. 1986. Involutional osteoporosis. N Engl J Med 314: 16761686.
  • 21
    Rodan GA, Martin TJ. 1982. Role of osteoblasts in hormonal control of bone resorption—a hypothesis. Calcif Tissue Int 34: 311.
  • 22
    Brown SA, Rosen CJ. 2003. Osteoporosis. Med Clin North Am 87: 10391063.
  • 23
    Amling M, Grote HJ, Pösl M, et al. 1994. Polyostotic heterogeneity of the spine in osteoporosis. Quantitative analysis and three-dimensional morphology. Bone Mineral 27: 193208.
  • 24
    Amling M, Herden S, Pösl M, et al. 1996. Heterogeneity of the skeleton: comparison of the trabecular microarchitecture of the spine, the iliac crest, the femur, and the calcaneus. J Bone Mineral Res 11: 3645.
  • 25
    Amling M, Priemel M, Holzmann T, et al. 1999. Rescue of the skeletal phenotype of vitamin D receptor ablated mice in the setting of normal mineral ion homeostasis: Formal histomorphometric and biomechanical analyses. Endocrinology 140: 49824987.
  • 26
    Parfitt AM, Drezner MK, Glorieux FH, et al. 1987. Bone histomorphometry: standardization of nomenclature, symbols, and units. Report of the ASBMR Histomorphometry Nomenclature Committee. J Bone Miner Res 2: 595610.
  • 27
    Amling M, Hahn M, Wening VJ, et al. 1994. The microarchitecture of the axis as the predisposing factor for fracture of the base of the odontoid process. A histomorphometric analysis of twenty-two autopsy specimens. J Bone Joint Surg Am 76: 18401846.
  • 28
    Sanders R, Fortin P, Dipasquale T, et al. 1993. Operative treatment in 120 displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Results using a prognostic computed tomography scan classification. Clin Orthop 290: 8795.
  • 29
    Giachino AA, Uhthoff HK. 1989. Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. J Bone Joint Surg Am 71: 784787.
  • 30
    Miric A, Patterson BM. 1998. Pathoanatomy of intra-articular factures of the calcaneus. J Bone Joint Surg Am 80: 207212.
  • 31
    Sanders R. 2000. Displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. J Bone Joint Surg Am 82: 225250.
  • 32
    Zwipp H, Tscherne H, Wülker N, et al. 1989. Intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus. Classification, assessment and surgical procedures. Unfallchirurg 92: 117129.
  • 33
    Zwipp H, Tscherne H, Thermann H, et al. 1993. Osteosynthesis of displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus. Results in 123 cases. Clin Orthop 290: 7686.
  • 34
    Pogoda P, Priemel M, Linhart W, et al. 2004. Clinical relevance of calcaneal bone cysts. A study of 50 cysts in 47 patients. Clin Orthop 424: 202210.
  • 35
    Ito K, Hori K, Terashima Y, et al. 2004. Insufficiency fracture of the body of the calcaneus in elderly patients with osteoporosis: a report of two cases. Clin Orthop 422: 190194.
  • 36
    Foller H, Bruyére-Garnier K, Peyrin F, et al. 2005. Relationship between compressive properties of human os calcis cancellous bone and microarchitecture assessed from 2D and 3D synchrotron microtomography. Bone 36: 340351.
  • 37
    Gluer CC, Eastell R, Reid DM, et al. 2004. Association of five quantitative ultrasound devices and bone densitometry with osteoporotic vertebral fractures in a population-based sample: the OPUS study. J Bone Min Res 19: 782793.
    Direct Link:
  • 38
    Lespessailles E, Poupon S, Niamane R, et al. 2002. Fractal analysis of trabecular bone texture on calcaneus radiographs: effect of age, time since menopause and hormone replacement therapy. Osteoporos Int 13: 366372.
  • 39
    Schott AM, Kassai Koupai B, Hans D, et al. 2004. Should age influence the choice of quantitative bone assessment technique in elderly women: The EPIDOS study. Osteop Int 15: 196203.
  • 40
    Khaw KT, Reeve J, Luben R, et al. 2004. Prediction of total and hip fracture risk in men and women by quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus: EPIC- Norfolk prospective population study. Lancet 363: 197202.
  • 41
    Kleerekoper M, Villanueva AR, Stanciu D, et al. 1985. The role of three-dimensional trabecular microstructure in the pathogenesis of vertebral compression fractures. Calcif Tissue Int 37: 594597.
  • 42
    Andermahr J, Jesch AB, Helling HJ, et al. 2002. CT morphometry for calcaneal fractures and comparison of the Zwipp and Sanders classifications. Z Orthop 140: 339346.