Antisense oligonucleotide targeting TNF-α can suppress co-cr-mo particle-induced osteolysis

Authors

  • Lei Dong,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Rui Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P. R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yi-an Zhu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Chunming Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Huajia Diao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Chenyu Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Jiangsu Provincial Diabetes Center, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jianning Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P. R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Junfeng Zhang

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Jiangsu Provincial Diabetes Center, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    3. Jiangsu Provincial Laboratory for Nano-Technology, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, and Department of Orthopaedics, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China. Telephone: 86-25-83593562; Fax: 86-25-83307923.
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Lei Dong and Rui Wang contributed equally to this paper.

Abstract

The most common cause of implant failure in joint replacement is aseptic loosening due to particle-induced osteolysis. TNF-α has been shown to be one of the key factors in the process of osteoclastogenesis. Anti-TNF agents are useful in the treatment of joint inflammation related to osteolysis. This study investigated the effect of a single subcutaneous dose of an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) on particle-induced osteolysis. We utilized the murine calvaria osteolysis model in C57BL/J6 mice. Bone resorption was measured by the toluidine blue staining. Osteoclasts were detected by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining assay and were quantified by a TRAP quantification kit. Results show that bone resorption is 0.347 ± 0.09 mm2 in mice with particle implantation, and decreased to 0.123 ± 0.05 mm2 and 0.052 ± 0.02 mm2 after ASO treatment with low and high doses, respectively. The number of osteoclasts in animal calvaria treated with ASO is reduced compared with that of untreated animals, and the quantification results indicate that about 90% of osteoclastogenesis is suppressed by the ASO. In addition, the osteoclastogenesis can be reestablished by the addition of TNF-α. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the antisense oligonucleotide targeting to TNF-α can suppress osteolysis induced by metal particles in a murine calvaria model. This new finding may be of value in the search for novel therapeutic methods for implant loosening. © 2008 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 26:1114–1120, 2008

Ancillary