• 1
    Junkin DM, Johnson DL, Fu FH, et al. 2009. Knee ligament injuries, Chapter 12. In: Ben Kibler W, editor. Orthopaedic knowledge update: Sports medicine, Rosemont, IL: AAOS, 18p.
  • 2
    Myer GD, Ford KR, Hewett TE. 2004. Rationale and clinical techniques for anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention among female athletes. J Athl Train 39: 352364.
  • 3
    Van Porat A, Roos EM, Roos H. 2004. High prevalence of osteoarthritis 14 years after an anterior cruciate ligament tear in male soccer players: a study of radiographic and patient relevant outcomes. Ann Rheum Dis 63: 269273.
  • 4
    Agneskirchner JD, Lobenhoffer P. 2004. Arthroscopic meniscus surgery. Unfallchirurg 107: 783791.
  • 5
    Feagin JA Jr, Curl WW. 1976. Isolated tear of the anterior cruciate ligament: 5-year follow-up study. Am J Sports Med 4: 95100.
  • 6
    Kaplan N, Wickiewicz TL, Warren RF. 1990. Primary surgical treatment of anterior cruciate ligament ruptures: a long-term follow-up study. Am J Sports Med 18: 254358.
  • 7
    Gao J, Rasanen T, Persliden J, et al. 1996. The morphology of ligament insertions after failure at low strain velocity: an evaluation of ligament enthesis in the rabbit knee. J Anat 189: 127133.
  • 8
    Woo SL, Gomez MA, Seguchi Y, et al. 1983. Measurement of mechanical properties of ligament substance from a bone-ligament-bone preparation. J Orthop Res 1: 2229.
  • 9
    Rodeo SA, Arnoczky SP, Torzilli PA, et al. 1993. Tendon healing in a bone tunnel: a biomechanical and histologic study in the dog. J Bone Joint Surg 75: 17951803.
  • 10
    Blickenstaff KR, Grana WA. 1997. Analysis of a semitendinosus autograft in a rabbit model. Am J Sports Med 25: 554559.
  • 11
    Grana WA, Egle DM, Mahnken R, et al. 1994. An analysis of autograft fixation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a rabbit model. Am J Sports Med 22: 344351.
  • 12
    Moffat KL, Wang I-LE, Rodeo SA, et al. 2009. Orthopedic interface tissue engineering for the biological fixation of soft tissue grafts. Clin Sports Med 28: 157176.
  • 13
    Sasaki K, Kuroda R, Ishida K, et al. 2008. Enhancement of tendon-bone osteointegration of anterior cruciate ligament graft using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Am J Sports Med 36 (8): 15191527.
  • 14
    Weiss JA, Woo SLY, Ohland KJ, et al. 1991. Evaluation of a new injury model to study medial collateral ligament healing: primary repair versus nonoperative treatment. J Orthop Res 9: 516528.
  • 15
    Mutsuzaki H, Sakane M, Ikeda K, et al. 2007. Histological changes and apoptosis of cartilage layer in human anterior cruciate tibial insertion after rupture. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15: 602609.
  • 16
    Sakane M, Matsuzaki H, Hattori S, et al. 2009. Time dependence of changes of two cartilage layers in anterior cruciate ligament insertion after resection on chondrocyte apoptosis and decrease in glycoaminoglycan. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol 1: 2732.
  • 17
    Mutsuzaki H, Sakane M, Honda K, et al. 2010. Cell death and cell proliferation in cartilage layers in human anterior cruciate ligament tibial insertions after rupture. Connect Tissue Res 51: 282288.
  • 18
    Murray MM, Magarian EM, Harrison SL, et al. 2010. Skeletal maturity significantly affects functional anterior cruciate ligament healing. J Bone Joint Surg Am 92: 20392049.
  • 19
    Murray MM, Spindler KP, Abreu E, et al. 2007. Collagen-platelet rich plasma hydrogel enhances primary repair of the porcine anterior cruciate ligament. J Orthop Res 25: 8191.
  • 20
    Mastrangelo A, Haus BM, Vavken P, et al. 2010. Immature animals have faster wound site cell repopulation and vascularization than adolescent or adult animals. J Orthop Res 28: 11001106.
  • 21
    Newsham-West R, Nicholson H, Walton M, et al. 2007. Long-term morphology of a healing bone-tendon interface: a histological observation in the sheep model. J Anat 210: 318327.
  • 22
    Silva MJ, Thomopoulos S, Kusano N, et al. 2006. Early healing of flexor tendon insertion site injuries: tunnel repair is mechanically and histologically inferior to surface repair in a canine model. J Orthop Res 24: 9901000.
  • 23
    Thomopoulos S, Matsuzaki H, Zaegel M, et al. 2007. Alendronate prevents bone loss and improves tendon-to-bone repair strength in a canine model. J Orthop Res 25: 473479.
  • 24
    Ohland KJ, Woo SLY, Weiss JA, et al. 1991. Healing of combined injuries of the rabbit medial collateral ligament and its insertions: a long term study on the effects of conservative versus surgical treatment. Adv Bioeng 20: 447448.
  • 25
    Galatz LM, Sandell LJ, Rothermich SY, et al. 2006. Characteristics of the rat supraspinatus tendon during tendon-to-bone healing after acute injury. J Orthop Res 24: 541550.
  • 26
    Galatz LM, Rotherman SY, Zaegel M, et al. 2005. Delayed repair of tendon to bone injuries leads to decreased biomechanical properties and bone loss. J Orthop Res 23: 14411447.
  • 27
    Kawamura S, Ying L, Kim H-J, et al. 2005. Macrophages accumulate in the early phase of tendon-bone healing. J Orthop Res 23: 14251432.
  • 28
    Hays PL, Kawamura S, Deng X-H, et al. 2008. The role of macrophages in early healing of a tendon graft in a bone tunnel. J Bone Joint Surg 90: 565579.
  • 29
    Rodeo SA, Suzuki K, Deng XH, et al. 1999. Use of recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 to enhance tendon healing in a bone tunnel. Am J Sports Med 27: 476488.
  • 30
    Martinek V, Latterman C, Usas A, et al. 2002. Enhancement of tendon-bone integration of anterior cruciate ligament grafts with bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfer. J Bone Joint Surg Am 84: 11231131.
  • 31
    Mastrangelo AN, Vavken P, Fleming BC, et al. 2011. Reduced platelet concentration does not harm PRP effectiveness for ACL repair in a porcine in vivo model. J Orthop Res 29: 10021007.
  • 32
    Joshi SM, Mastrangelo AN, Magarian EM, et al. 2009. Collagen-platelet composite enhances biomechanical and histologic healing of the porcine anterior cruciate ligament. Am J Sports Med 37: 24012410.