PTHrP increases RANKL expression by stromal cells from giant cell tumor of bone

Authors

  • Robert W. Cowan,

    1. Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    2. Juravinski Cancer Centre, 699 Concession Street, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8V 5C2
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  • Gurmit Singh,

    1. Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    2. Juravinski Cancer Centre, 699 Concession Street, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8V 5C2
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  • Michelle Ghert

    Corresponding author
    1. Juravinski Cancer Centre, 699 Concession Street, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8V 5C2
    2. Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    • Juravinski Cancer Centre, 699 Concession Street, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8V 5C2. T: +1-905-387-9495 ext. 64089; F: +1-905-575-6343
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  • Conflict of interest: nothing to declare.

Abstract

Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) presents with numerous osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells that are principally responsible for the extensive bone resorption by the tumor. Although the precise etiology of GCT remains uncertain, the accumulation of giant cells is partially due to the high expression of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) from the neoplastic stromal cells. Here, we have investigated whether parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) plays a role in the pathogenesis of GCT. Immunohistochemistry results revealed PTHrP expression in the stromal cells of the tumor, and that its receptor, the parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor (PTH1R), is expressed by both the stromal cells and giant cells. PCR and Western blot analyses confirmed the expression of PTHrP and PTH1R by isolated stromal cells from five patients presenting with GCT. Treatment of GCT stromal cells with varying concentrations of PTHrP (1–34) significantly increased both RANKL gene expression and the number of multinucleated cells formed from RAW 264.7 cells in co-culture experiments, whereas inhibition of PTHrP with a neutralizing antibody decreased RANKL gene expression. These results suggest that PTHrP is expressed within GCT by the stromal cells and can contribute to the abundant RANKL expression and giant cell formation within the tumor. © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 30:877–884, 2012

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