• 1
    Praemer A, Furner S, Rice DP, et al. 1992. Musculoskeletal conditions in the United States. Park Ridge, IL: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
  • 2
    Hudson N, Hawthorne AB, Cole AT, et al. 1992. Mechanisms of gastric and duodenal damage and protection. Hepatogastroenterology 39:3136.
  • 3
    Rainsford KD, Stetsko PI, Sirko SP, et al. 2003. Gastrointestinal mucosal injury following repeated daily oral administration of conventional formulations of indometacin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to pigs: a model for human gastrointestinal disease. J Pharm Pharmacol 55:661668.
  • 4
    Sanghi S, MacLaughlin EJ, Jewell CW, et al. 2006. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors: a painful lesson. Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets 6:85100.
  • 5
    Convery PN, Milligan KR, Quinn P, et al. 1998. Low-dose intra-articular ketorolac for pain relief following arthroscopy of the knee joint. Anaesthesia 53:11251129.
  • 6
    Gupta A, Axelsson K, Allvin R, et al. 1999. Postoperative pain following knee arthroscopy: the effects of intra-articular ketorolac and/or morphine. Reg Anesth Pain Med 24:225230.
  • 7
    Reuben SS, Connelly NR. 1995. Postoperative analgesia for outpatient arthroscopic knee sugery with intraarticular bupivacaine and ketorolac. Anesth Analg 80:11541157.
  • 8
    Reuben SS, Steinberg RB, Kreitzer JM, et al. 1995. Intravenous regional anesthesia using lidocaine and ketorolac. Anesth Analg 81:110113.
  • 9
    Unlu Z, Ay K, Tuzun C. 2006. Comparison of intra-articular tenoxicam and oral tenoxicam for pain and physical functioning in osteoarthritis of the knee. Clin Rheumatol 25:5461.
  • 10
    Jiang D, Zou J, Huang L, et al. 2010. Efficacy of intra-articular injection of celecoxib in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis. Int J Mol Sci 11:41064113.
  • 11
    Wilkinson DJ. 1996. Intraarticular ketorolac. Anesth Analg 82:433.
  • 12
    Cook TM, Nolan JP, Tuckey JP. 1997. Postarthroscopic meniscus repair analgesia with intraarticular ketorolac or morphine. Anesth Analg 84:466467.
  • 13
    Irwin MG, Cheung KM, Nicholls JM, et al. 1998. Intra-articular injection of ketorolac in the rat knee joint: effect on articular cartilage and synovium. Br J Anaesth 80:837839.
  • 14
    Dogan N, Erdem AF, Gundogdu C, et al. 2004. The effects of ketorolac and morphine on articular cartilage and synovium in the rabbit knee joint. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 82:502505.
  • 15
    Stalman A, Tsai JA, Segerdahl M, et al. 2009. Ketorolac but not morphine exerts inflammatory and metabolic effects in synovial membrane after knee arthroscopy: a double-blind randomized prospective study using the microdialysis technique. Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:557564.
  • 16
    Suominen MM, Tulamo RM, Anttila MO, et al. 2001. Effects of intra-articular injections of bufexamac suspension in healthy horses. Am J Vet Res 62:16291635.
  • 17
    Shapiro PS, Rohde RS, Froimson MI, et al. 2007. The effect of local corticosteroid or ketorolac exposure on histologic and biomechanical properties of rabbit tendon and cartilage. Hand (N Y) 2:165172.
  • 18
    Sarver JJ, Dishowitz MI, Kim SY, et al. 2010. Transient decreases in forelimb gait and ground reaction forces following rotator cuff injury and repair in a rat model. J Biomech 43:778782.
  • 19
    Reuther KE, Sarver JJ, Schultz SM, et al. 2012. Glenoid cartilage mechanical properties decrease after rotator cuff tears in a rat model. J Orthop Res 30:14351439.
  • 20
    Hayes WC, Keer LM, Herrmann G, et al. 1972. A mathematical analysis for indentation tests of articular cartilage. J Biomech 5:541551.
  • 21
    Reuther KE, Thomas SJ, Sarver JJ, et al. 2013. Effect of return to overuse activity following an isolated supraspinatus tendon tear on adjacent intact tendons and glenoid cartilage in a rat model. J Orthop Res 31:710715.
  • 22
    Thomas SJ, Reuther KE, Tucker JJ, et al. 2013. Biceps detachment decreases joint damage in a rotator cuff tear rat model. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Dec 11. [Epub ahead of print]
  • 23
    Murray RC, DeBowes RM, Gaughan EM, et al. 1998. The effects of intra-articular methylprednisolone and exercise on the mechanical properties of articular cartilage in the horse. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 6:106114.
  • 24
    Teeple E, Elsaid KA, Jay GD, et al. 2011. Effects of supplemental intra-articular lubricin and hyaluronic acid on the progression of posttraumatic arthritis in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient rat knee. Am J Sports Med 39:164172.