None of the authors have a professional or financial affiliation that may be perceived to have biased the presentation of this research.
Effect of timing of surgical SSP tendon repair on muscle alterations
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2014
© 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume 32, Issue 11, pages 1430–1435, November 2014
How to Cite
Uhthoff, H. K., Coletta, E. and Trudel, G. (2014), Effect of timing of surgical SSP tendon repair on muscle alterations. J. Orthop. Res., 32: 1430–1435. doi: 10.1002/jor.22692
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2014
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 13 FEB 2014
- Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario. Grant Number: 04031
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Grant Number: MOP-81395
- supraspinatus tendon;
- fat accumulation;
To investigate the impacts of delayed repairs of a supraspinatus tendon tear on the supraspinatus muscle, we used an animal model data from two previously published studies in which one supraspinatus (SSP) tendon was detached. In one cohort, the rabbits were killed in groups of 10 at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. In the other cohort, a repair was done at these time points, 12 rabbits each, and the animals killed were 12 weeks later. SSP fossa volume (Muscle belly plus extramuscular fat [e-fat] volume), percentage of intramuscular fat (i-fat), and muscle tissue volume (muscle belly volume minus i-fat), as well as CT determination of e-fat and i-fat of both cohorts, were compared. Fossa volume increased (p < 0.05). Muscle belly and muscle tissue volumes did not increase after repair (p > 0.05), but early repair prevented further volume losses, a fact not seen after 8 and 12 weeks delay of repair. No reversal of e-fat or of i-fat occurred, in fact i-fat almost doubled after 4 weeks delay of repair (p < 0.05). CT studies confirmed the fat results. We conclude that early repair prevented loss of muscle belly and muscle tissue volumes, but that it has no positive influence on fat accumulation. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1430–1435, 2014.