Recommendations for using computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS) in career counseling practice

Authors

  • Lindsey Y. Copeland,

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Lindsey Y. Copeland, MS, is an advanced doctoral student in Colorado State University's Counseling Psychology program. She is involved in the research and development of an online career assessment system and associated interventions. She can be reached at lindsey.y.copeland@gmail.com.

  • Bryan J. Dik,

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Bryan J. Dik, PhD, is associate professor of psychology at Colorado State University. He conducts research on work as a calling or vocation; religion, spirituality, purpose and meaning in the work role; vocational interest measurement; and career development interventions. He can be reached at bryan.dik@colostate.edu.

  • Molly R. McLaren,

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Molly R. McLaren, MS, is an advanced doctoral student in the Counseling Psychology program at Colorado State University. She has been involved in research focusing on career counseling intervention efficacy, meaning and purpose in career, and underrepresented populations in STEM fields. She can be reached at molly.mclaren@gmail.com.

  • Casey Onder,

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Casey Onder, BA, is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program at Colorado State University. Her primary research and applied interests include vocational and organizational psychology. She can be contacted at casey.onder@colostate.edu.

  • Natalie E. Wolfson,

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Natalie E. Wolfson, MS, is a doctoral student in the Psychology Department at Colorado State University. Natalie's primary research interests revolve around training and development, cognitive aging, and diversity issues in the workplace. She can be reached at natalie.wolfson@rams.colostate.edu.

  • Kurt Kraiger

    1. Colorado State University
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    • Kurt Kraiger, PhD, is a professor of psychology at Colorado State University and Chair of the Department of Psychology. Dr. Kraiger is a fellow of the Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Business and Psychology, and the Journal of Management. Dr. Kraiger can be reached at kurt.kraiger@colostate.edu.


Abstract

Electronically mediated vocational assessment and guidance tools have become prominent in modern career counseling, leaving many career development professionals with questions about the nature of the computerized tools available and how to effectively apply these technologies in practice. In this article, the authors describe the general characteristics of computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS), review evidence of their effectiveness as compared to other career intervention modalities, briefly introduce a number of empirically supported systems, and provide practitioners with guidelines for appraising CACGS and using them successfully with clients. Recommendations address evaluation and selection of CACGS, development of appropriate strategies for incorporation of CACGS into counseling services, and matters of client education and ethical practice.

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