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Abstract

Workplace bullying is both prevalent and underresearched. Bullying includes such dysfunctional behavior as sexual harassment, social exclusion, name-calling, slandering, and physical assaults. Bullying results in negative outcomes for both individual employees and organizations. Individuals experience stress and other physiological and psychological outcomes, and organizations register detrimental effects on productivity, absenteeism, and turnover. This research examined whether employees low in self-monitoring and working in chaotic organizational cultures were more likely to be victimized by bullies. Results indicated that employees working in chaotic organizations (i.e., lacking transparency, accountability, and appropriate rewards and guidelines) experienced more bullying. Results are discussed with regard to establishing appropriate cultural cues to minimize organizational bullying.