• amorphous;
  • near-infrared spectroscopy;
  • X-ray powder diffractometry;
  • stability;
  • multivariate analysis


The formation and physical stability of amorphous sulfathiazole obtained from polymorphic forms I and III by cryomilling was investigated by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Principal component analysis was applied to the NIR data to monitor the generation of crystalline disorder with milling time and to study subsequent recrystallization under different storage conditions. Complete conversion into the amorphous phase was observed for both forms after 45 (form I) and 150 min (form III) milling time. Upon storage under vacuum over silica gel for 14 days at 4°C, amorphous samples remained amorphous. However, under the same conditions at ambient temperature, recrystallization occurred. Amorphous samples obtained from form I had crystallized back to the original polymorph, whereas those prepared from form III had partially crystallized to mixtures of polymorphs. Amorphous samples stored at ambient temperature and humidity absorbed moisture, which facilitated crystallization to a mixture of polymorphs in both cases. Quantitative analyses of amorphous content in binary mixtures with forms I and III were carried out by XRPD and NIR spectroscopy combined with partial least squares regression. The calibration models had root mean square error of prediction values of <2.0% and were applied to quantify the extent of crystalline disorder during cryomilling. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 102:93–103, 2013