• stability;
  • temperature;
  • stabilization;
  • simulations;
  • kinetics;
  • diffusion


To predict the stability of pharmaceutical preparations under uncontrolled temperature conditions accurately, a method to compute the average reaction rate constant taking into account the heat transfer from the atmosphere to the product was developed. The average reaction rate constants computed with taken into consideration heat transfer (κre) were then compared with those computed without taking heat transfer into consideration (κin). The apparent thermal diffusivity (κa) exerted some influence on the average reaction rate constant ratio (R, R = κre/κin). In the regions where the κa was large (above 1 h−1) or very small, the value of R was close to 1. On the contrary, in the middle region (0.001–1 h−1), the value of R was less than 1.The κa of the central part of a large-size container and that of the central part of a paper case of 10 bottles of liquid medicine (100 mL) fell within this middle region. On the basis of the above-mentioned considerations, heat transfer may need to be taken into consideration to enable a more accurate prediction of the stability of actual pharmaceutical preparations under nonisothermal atmospheres. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 102:1495–1503, 2013