Get access

Middle pleistocene variations in palaeoclimate, palaeoenvironment and vegetation of the las tablas de daimiel national park (Spain)

Authors

  • Ana Valdeolmillos-Rodríguez,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, IGE-CSIC, Universidad Complutense, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    • Departamento de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, IGE-CSIC, Universidad Complutense, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Miriam Dorado-Valiño,

    1. C/ Moral 2, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Maria Blanca Ruiz-Zapata,

    1. Departamento de Geología, Universidad de Alcalá, Edificio de Ciencias, Campus Universitario, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ana María Alonso-Zarza

    1. Departamento de Petrología y Geoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, IGE-CSIC, Universidad Complutense, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The Middle Pleistocene palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment evolution of the Las Tablas de Daimiel wetlands is described using a combination of sedimentology, pollen and δ13C and δ18O isotopic records of Unit B of core LT-199906. This unit mostly contains fluvial and palustrine sediments. U/Th and amino acid racemization (AAR) dating and a comparison of the δ18O curve of Unit B with oceanic records suggests that Unit B spans the period from the end of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 10 (340 ka) to the first stages of MIS 7 (ca. 210 ka). MIS 9 was characterised by a regional vegetation dominated by Cupressaceae, with Pinus as a tree element. The water level was high and temperatures were very probably higher than during the Holocene. MIS 8 and the first substages of MIS 7 (7e, 7d and 7c) were dominated by xerophilous steppe vegetation in lowlands (elevations around 610 m above sea level) near to the wetland. At higher altitudes, far away from the wetland, there were fewer Pinus than in MIS 9, and a greater presence of warm, temperate and cool climate tree elements. The aquatic system in MIS 9 became shallower, with eutrophication and the accumulation of organic matter occurring; temperatures were similar to or lower than those of the Holocene. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Ancillary