Analysis of the palette of a precious 16th century illuminated Turkish manuscript by Raman microscopy

Authors

  • Alicia Jurado-López,

    1. Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, 20 Gordon St., London WC1H 0AJ, UK
    Current affiliation:
    1. Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Córdoba Campus of Rabanales, E-14071 Córdoba, Spain.
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  • Ornela Demko,

    1. Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, 20 Gordon St., London WC1H 0AJ, UK
    Current affiliation:
    1. Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tirana, Albania.
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  • Robin J. H. Clark,

    Corresponding author
    1. Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, 20 Gordon St., London WC1H 0AJ, UK
    • Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AJ, UK.
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  • David Jacobs

    1. Conservation Department, The British Library, 96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DB, UK
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Abstract

An in situ analysis of the richly decorated Turkish 16th century manuscript called Hürev Ü Sirin was performed by Raman microscopy and the following twelve pigments identified on the illuminations: lapis lazuli, red lead, carbon black, vermilion, indigo, orpiment, realgar, pararealgar, lead white, azurite, malachite and, indirectly, gold. Several mixtures of these pigments were also found to have been used, e.g. indigo and orpiment for green. The study reveals the wide palette used, notably the extensive use of valuable pigments such as lapis lazuli and gold. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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