Presented as part of a commemorative issue for Wolfgang Kiefer on the occasion of his 65th birthday.
Pigment identification of colored drawings from Wuying Hall of the Imperial Palace by micro-Raman spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy†
Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Special Issue: Commemorative Issue: for Wolfgang Kiefer on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday
Volume 37, Issue 1-3, pages 230–234, January - March 2006
How to Cite
Shen, A. G., Wang, X. H., Xie, W., Shen, J., Li, H. Y., Liu, Z. A. and Hu, J. M. (2006), Pigment identification of colored drawings from Wuying Hall of the Imperial Palace by micro-Raman spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. J. Raman Spectrosc., 37: 230–234. doi: 10.1002/jrs.1435
- Issue online: 12 JAN 2006
- Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 AUG 2005
- Manuscript Received: 12 APR 2005
- National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Number: 20427002.
- micro-Raman spectroscopy;
- Imperial Palace;
- colored drawing;
Four ancient colored drawings (CDs), namely in black, blue, white and green, of Wuying Hall in the Imperial Palace, China, were analyzed by micro-Raman spectroscopy (MRS) in combination with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) in order to identify the pigments in each case. The pigments lampblack (a pigment based on amorphous carbon), ultramarine blue/lapis lazuli (Na8[Al6Si6O24]Sn), dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), emerald green (Cu(C2H3O2)2·3Cu(AsO2)2), gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) were detected in the CDs, and these will be useful with regard to the restoration of the paintings at Wuying Hall. Furthermore, it is important to take into account the dating of some rare pigments, i.e., ultramarine blue and emerald green, in order to validate that there was a fire that destroyed more than 30 houses of Wuying Hall in 1869 (Tong-Zhi, 8th year of Qing Dynasty). The results demonstrate that micro-Raman spectroscopy can provide valuable information for the characterization, restoration and preservation of the cultural relic. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.